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Lithuanian lands were united under MINDAUGAS in 1236; over the next century, through alliances and conquest, Lithuania extended its territory to include most of present-day Belarus and Ukraine. By the end of the 14th century Lithuania was the largest state in Europe. An alliance with Poland in 1386 led the two countries into a union through the person of a common ruler. In 1569, Lithuania and Poland formally united into a single dual state, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. This entity survived until 1795 when its remnants were partitioned by surrounding countries. Lithuania regained its independence following World War I but was annexed by the USSR in 1940 - an action never recognized by the US and many other countries. On 11 March 1990, Lithuania became the first of the Soviet republics to declare its independence, but Moscow did not recognize this proclamation until September of 1991 (following the abortive coup in Moscow). The last Russian troops withdrew in 1993. Lithuania subsequently restructured its economy for integration into Western European institutions; it joined both NATO and the EU in the spring of 2004.


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Communications

Telephones - main lines in use World Ranking: 88
733,700 (2009)

Telephones - mobile cellular World Ranking: 104
4.891 million (2009)

Telephone system
General assessment
Adequate; being modernized to provide improved international capability and better residential access
Domestic
Rapid expansion of mobile-cellular services has resulted in a steady decline in the number of fixed-line connections; mobile-cellular teledensity stands at about 160 per 100 persons
International
Country code - 370; major international connections to Denmark, Sweden, and Norway by submarine cable for further transmission by satellite; landline connections to Latvia and Poland (2008)

Broadcast media
Public broadcaster operates 3 channels with the third channel - a satellite channel - introduced in 2007; various privately-owned commercial TV broadcasters operate national and multiple regional channels; many privately-owned local TV stations; multi-channel cable and satellite TV services available; publicly-owned broadcaster operates 3 radio networks; many privately-owned commercial broadcasters, many with repeater stations in various regions throughout the country (2007)

Internet country code
.lt

Internet hosts World Ranking: 43
1.184 million (2010)

Internet users World Ranking: 75
1.964 million (2009)


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  Lithuania (Vilnius):


  GPS points from Lithuania (Vilnius)

Sternishki Marijampoles Apskritis

Pasakiai Antrieji Panevezio Apskritis

Povinishki Panevezio Apskritis

Palyaiten Taurages Apskritis

Sveksnos Klaipedos Apskritis

Ozero Stervo Lithuania (general)

Buchiunay Siauliu Apskritis

Kairiskiu Telsiu Apskritis




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