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Colonized by the Portuguese in the 16th century, Macau was the first European settlement in the Far East. Pursuant to an agreement signed by China and Portugal on 13 April 1987, Macau became the Macau Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the People's Republic of China on 20 December 1999. In this agreement, China promised that, under its "one country, two systems" formula, China's political and economic system would not be imposed on Macau, and that Macau would enjoy a high degree of autonomy in all matters except foreign affairs and defense for the next 50 years.


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Geography

Location
Eastern Asia, bordering the South China Sea and China

Geographic coordinates
22 10 N, 113 33 E

Map references
Southeast Asia

Area World Ranking: 236
Total 28.2 sq km
Land 28.2 sq km
Water 0 sq km

Area - comparative
Less than one-sixth the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries
Total 0.34 km
Regional border China 0.34 km

Coastline
41 km

Maritime claims
Not specified

Climate
Subtropical; marine with cool winters, warm summers

Terrain
Generally flat

Elevation extremes
Lowest point South China Sea 0 m
Highest point Coloane Alto 172 m

Natural resources
NEGL

Land use
Arable land 0%
Permanent crops 0%
Other 100% (2005)

Irrigated land
NA; note - included in the total for China

Natural hazards
Typhoons

Environment - current issues
NA

Environment - international agreements
Party to
Marine Dumping (associate member), Ship Pollution (associate member)

Geography - note
Essentially urban; an area of land reclaimed from the sea measuring 5.2 sq km and known as Cotai now connects the islands of Coloane and Taipa; the island area is connected to the mainland peninsula by three bridges


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  Macau S A R (Special Administrative Region):


  GPS points from Macau S A R (Special Administrative Region)

Cidade De Macau Macau (general)


Baia De Lai Chi Van Macau (general)

Cheoc Ca Chun Macau (general)

Pi-tan-ni-nan Wan Macau (general)

Ao-men Tao Macau (general)

Nei Chiang Macau

Laut Tiongkok Selatan Macau (general)




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