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Great Britain formally acquired possession of Malta in 1814. The island staunchly supported the UK through both world wars and remained in the Commonwealth when it became independent in 1964. A decade later Malta became a republic. Since about the mid-1980s, the island has transformed itself into a freight transshipment point, a financial center, and a tourist destination. Malta became an EU member in May 2004 and began using the euro as currency in 2008.


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People And Society

Nationality
Noun Maltese (singular and plural)
Adjective Maltese

Ethnic groups
Maltese (descendants of ancient Carthaginians and Phoenicians with strong elements of Italian and other Mediterranean stock)

Languages
Maltese (official) 90.2%, English (official) 6%, multilingual 3%, other 0.8% (2005 census)

Religions
Roman Catholic (official) 98%

Population World Ranking: 174
409,836 (July 2012 est.)

Age structure
0-14 years
15.7% (male 32,829/female 31,198)
15-64 years
68.5% (male 142,006/female 137,803)
65 years and over
15.8% (male 28,305/female 36,192) (2011 est.)

Median age
Total 40.3 years
Male 39.1 years
Female 41.7 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate World Ranking: 160
0.359% (2012 est.)

Birth rate World Ranking: 185
10.31 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Death rate World Ranking: 77
8.72 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)

Net migration rate World Ranking: 39
2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Urbanization
Urban population 95% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization
0.5% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major cities - population
VALLETTA (capital) 199,000 (2009)

Sex ratio
At birth 1.06 male(s)/female
Under 15 years 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years 1.03 male(s)/female
65 years and over 0.79 male(s)/female
Total population
0.99 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Maternal mortality rate World Ranking: 159
8 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)

Infant mortality rate World Ranking: 206
Total 3.65 deaths/1,000 live births
Male 4.08 deaths/1,000 live births
Female
3.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth World Ranking: 34
Total population 79.85 years
Male 77.57 years
Female 82.26 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate World Ranking: 185
1.53 children born/woman (2012 est.)

Health expenditures World Ranking: 1
16.5% of GDP (2009)

Physicians density
3.073 physicians/1,000 population (2009)

Hospital bed density
4.88 beds/1,000 population (2009)

Hiv/aids - adult prevalence rate World Ranking: 140
0.1% (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - people living with hiv/aids World Ranking: 154
Fewer than 500 (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - deaths World Ranking: 122
Fewer than 100 (2009 est.)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate World Ranking: 21
20.7% (2007)

Education expenditures World Ranking: 22
6.4% of GDP (2007)

Literacy
Definition
Age 10 and over can read and write
Total population 92.8%
Male 91.7%
Female 93.9% (2005 Census)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
Total 14 years
Male 14 years
Female 15 years (2008)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 World Ranking: 86
Total 13.3%
Male 17.7%
Female 15.4% (2009)


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  Malta (Valletta):


  GPS points from Malta (Valletta)

Rdum Il- Biez Malta (general)

Munxar Parish Church Malta (general)

Saint Grigor Church Malta (general)

Mellieha Point Malta (general)

Ta' Birrix Malta (general)

Wied Ta' Migra Ferha Malta (general)

Munxar Pass Malta (general)

Wied Il- Hesri Malta (general)




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