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After almost four decades under US administration as the easternmost part of the UN Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, the Marshall Islands attained independence in 1986 under a Compact of Free Association. Compensation claims continue as a result of US nuclear testing on some of the atolls between 1947 and 1962. The Marshall Islands hosts the US Army Kwajalein Atoll (USAKA) Reagan Missile Test Site, a key installation in the US missile defense network.


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People And Society

Nationality
Noun
Marshallese (singular and plural)
Adjective Marshallese

Ethnic groups
Marshallese 92.1%, mixed Marshallese 5.9%, other 2% (2006)

Languages
Marshallese (official) 98.2%, other languages 1.8% (1999 census)
Note
English (official), widely spoken as a second language

Religions
Protestant 54.8%, Assembly of God 25.8%, Roman Catholic 8.4%, Bukot nan Jesus 2.8%, Mormon 2.1%, other Christian 3.6%, other 1%, none 1.5% (1999 census)

Population World Ranking: 202
68,480 (July 2012 est.)

Age structure
0-14 years
38.2% (male 13,062/female 12,576)
15-64 years
58.8% (male 20,171/female 19,340)
65 years and over
3% (male 988/female 1,045) (2011 est.)

Median age
Total 21.9 years
Male 21.9 years
Female 22 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate World Ranking: 62
1.874% (2012 est.)

Birth rate World Ranking: 44
28.14 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Death rate World Ranking: 202
4.31 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)

Net migration rate World Ranking: 192
-5.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Urbanization
Urban population 72% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization
2.3% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major cities - population
MAJURO (capital) 30,000 (2009)

Sex ratio
At birth 1.05 male(s)/female
Under 15 years 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years 1.04 male(s)/female
65 years and over 0.95 male(s)/female
Total population
1.04 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Infant mortality rate World Ranking: 86
Total 22.93 deaths/1,000 live births
Male 25.79 deaths/1,000 live births
Female
19.92 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth World Ranking: 131
Total population 72.03 years
Male 69.92 years
Female 74.25 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate World Ranking: 50
3.37 children born/woman (2012 est.)

Health expenditures World Ranking: 183
2.5% of GDP (2009)

Physicians density
0.559 physicians/1,000 population (2008)

Hospital bed density
2.7 beds/1,000 population (2009)

Hiv/aids - adult prevalence rate
NA

Hiv/aids - people living with hiv/aids
NA

Hiv/aids - deaths
NA

Education expenditures World Ranking: 4
12% of GDP (2004)

Literacy
Definition
Age 15 and over can read and write
Total population 93.7%
Male 93.6%
Female 93.7% (1999)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
Total 12 years
Male 11 years
Female 12 years (2003)


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  Marshall Islands (Majuro):


  GPS points from Marshall Islands (Majuro)

Taongi Island Marshall Islands (general)

Remeru-to Marshall Islands (general)

Chiyorugan Marshall Islands (general)

Rara Marshall Islands (general)

Tutu Marshall Islands (general)

Lugagi Marshall Islands (general)

Sud-durchfahrt Marshall Islands (general)

Bokarmij Island Marshall Islands (general)




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