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Administrative divisions (GPS Maps)

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Although known to Arab and Malay sailors as early as the 10th century, Mauritius was first explored by the Portuguese in the 16th century and subsequently settled by the Dutch - who named it in honor of Prince Maurits van NASSAU - in the 17th century. The French assumed control in 1715, developing the island into an important naval base overseeing Indian Ocean trade, and establishing a plantation economy of sugar cane. The British captured the island in 1810, during the Napoleonic Wars. Mauritius remained a strategically important British naval base, and later an air station, playing an important role during World War II for anti-submarine and convoy operations, as well as the collection of signal intelligence. Independence from the UK was attained in 1968. A stable democracy with regular free elections and a positive human rights record, the country has attracted considerable foreign investment and has earned one of Africa's highest per capita incomes.


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Communications

Telephones - main lines in use World Ranking: 105
387,700 (2009)

Telephones - mobile cellular World Ranking: 149
1.191 million (2009)

Telephone system
General assessment Small system with good service
Domestic
Monopoly over fixed-line services terminated in 2005; fixed-line teledensity roughly 30 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular services launched in 1989 with teledensity in 2010 reaching 90 per 100 persons
International
Country code - 230; landing point for the SAFE submarine cable that provides links to Asia and South Africa where it connects to the SAT-3/WASC submarine cable that provides further links to parts of East Africa, and Europe; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Indian Ocean); new microwave link to Reunion; HF radiotelephone links to several countries (2009)

Broadcast media
The government maintains control over TV broadcasting through the Mauritius Broadcasting Corporation (MBC), which operates 3 analog and 10 digital TV stations; MBC is a shareholder in a local company that operates 2 pay-TV stations; the state retains the largest radio broadcast network with multiple stations; several private radio broadcasters have entered the market since 2001; transmissions of at least 2 international broadcasters are available (2007)

Internet country code
.mu

Internet hosts World Ranking: 95
51,123 (2010)

Internet users World Ranking: 131
290,000 (2009)


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  Mauritius (Port Louis):


  GPS points from Mauritius (Port Louis)

Saint Martin Savanne District

Noire Black River District

Bird Islet Grand Port District

Anse Du Grand Sable Grand Port District

Grand River North West Port Louis District

University Of Mauritius Moka District

Escalier Grand Port District

Pointe Manioc Mauritius (general)




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