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English and Irish colonists from St. Kitts first settled on Montserrat in 1632; the first African slaves arrived three decades later. The British and French fought for possession of the island for most of the 18th century, but it finally was confirmed as a British possession in 1783. The island's sugar plantation economy was converted to small farm landholdings in the mid 19th century. Much of this island was devastated and two-thirds of the population fled abroad because of the eruption of the Soufriere Hills Volcano that began on 18 July 1995. Montserrat has endured volcanic activity since, with the last eruption occurring in July 2003.


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People And Society

Nationality
Noun Montserratian(s)
Adjective Montserratian

Ethnic groups
Black, white

Languages
English

Religions
Protestant (Anglican, Methodist, Pentecostal, Seventh-Day Adventist, other Christian denominations), Roman Catholic

Population World Ranking: 229
5,164 (July 2012 est.)
Note
An estimated 8,000 refugees left the island following the resumption of volcanic activity in July 1995; some have returned

Age structure
0-14 years 26.9% (male 717/female 665)
15-64 years
66.6% (male 1,648/female 1,777)
65 years and over
6.5% (male 208/female 125) (2011 est.)

Median age
Total 30.2 years
Male 29.7 years
Female 30.7 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate World Ranking: 151
0.484% (2012 est.)

Birth rate World Ranking: 165
11.62 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Death rate World Ranking: 142
6.78 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)

Net migration rate World Ranking: 100
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Urbanization
Urban population 14% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization
2.4% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Sex ratio
At birth 1.07 male(s)/female
Under 15 years 1.08 male(s)/female
15-64 years 0.93 male(s)/female
65 years and over 1.55 male(s)/female
Total population 1 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Infant mortality rate World Ranking: 117
Total 14.69 deaths/1,000 live births
Male 11.2 deaths/1,000 live births
Female
18.34 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth World Ranking: 119
Total population 73.41 years
Male 75.15 years
Female 71.58 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate World Ranking: 215
1.27 children born/woman (2012 est.)

Hiv/aids - adult prevalence rate
NA

Hiv/aids - people living with hiv/aids
NA

Hiv/aids - deaths
NA

Education expenditures World Ranking: 121
3.3% of GDP (2004)

Literacy
Definition
Age 15 and over has ever attended school
Total population 97%
Male 97%
Female 97% (1970 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
Total 15 years
Male 14 years
Female 17 years (2007)


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  Montserrat [ United Kingdom ] (Overseas Territory):


  GPS points from Montserrat [ United Kingdom ] (Overseas Territory)

Lawyers River Parish Of Saint Peter

Tuitt's And Bethel Estate Parish Of Saint Georges

West Hill Settlement Parish Of Saint Georges

Woodlands Parish Of Saint Peter

Long Ghaut Parish Of Saint Georges

Harris' Village Parish Of Saint Georges

Mango Hill Parish Of Saint Georges

Bramble Parish Of Saint Georges




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