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Almost five centuries as a Portuguese colony came to a close with independence in 1975. Large-scale emigration, economic dependence on South Africa, a severe drought, and a prolonged civil war hindered the country's development until the mid 1990s. The ruling Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (Frelimo) party formally abandoned Marxism in 1989, and a new constitution the following year provided for multiparty elections and a free market economy. A UN-negotiated peace agreement between Frelimo and rebel Mozambique National Resistance (Renamo) forces ended the fighting in 1992. In December 2004, Mozambique underwent a delicate transition as Joaquim CHISSANO stepped down after 18 years in office. His elected successor, Armando Emilio GUEBUZA, promised to continue the sound economic policies that have encouraged foreign investment. President GUEBUZA was reelected to a second term in October 2009. However, the elections were flawed by voter fraud, questionable disqualification of candidates, and Frelimo use of government resources during the campaign. As a result, Freedom House removed Mozambique from its list of electoral democracies.


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Military

Military branches
Mozambique Armed Defense Forces (Forcas Armadas de Defesa de Mocambique, FADM): Mozambique Army, Mozambique Navy (Marinha de Guerra de Mocambique, MGM), Mozambique Air Force (Forca Aerea de Mocambique, FAM) (2011)

Military service age and obligation
Registration for military service is mandatory for all males and females at 18 years of age; 18-35 years of age for selective compulsory military service; 18 years of age for voluntary service; 2-year service obligation; women may serve as officers or enlisted (2010)

Manpower available for military service
Males age 16-49 4,613,367 (2010 est.)

Manpower fit for military service
Males age 16-49 2,677,473
Females age 16-49 2,941,073 (2010 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually
Male 274,602
Female 280,008 (2010 est.)

Military expenditures World Ranking: 144
0.8% of GDP (2006)


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  Mozambique (Maputo):


  GPS points from Mozambique (Maputo)

Jerope Provincia De Nampula

Chefe Incona Provincia De Cabo Delgado

Monte Cambolatize Provincia De Tete

Monte Nesimbo Provincia De Tete

Moporoa Provincia De Sofala

Uape Provincia De Zambezia

Napire Provincia De Nampula

Mauela Provincia De Zambezia




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