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The exact origins of the Nauruans are unclear since their language does not resemble any other in the Pacific. Germany annexed the island in 1888. A German-British consortium began mining the island's phosphate deposits early in the 20th century. Australian forces occupied Nauru in World War I; it subsequently became a League of Nations mandate. After the Second World War - and a brutal occupation by Japan - Nauru became a UN trust territory. It achieved independence in 1968 and joined the UN in 1999 as the world's smallest independent republic.


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People And Society

Nationality
Noun Nauruan(s)
Adjective Nauruan

Ethnic groups
Nauruan 58%, other Pacific Islander 26%, Chinese 8%, European 8%

Languages
Nauruan (official, a distinct Pacific Island language), English (widely understood, spoken, and used for most government and commercial purposes)

Religions
Protestant 45.8% (Nauru Congregational 35.4%, Nauru Independent Church 10.4%), Roman Catholic 33.2%, other 14.1%, none 4.5%, unspecified 2.4% (2002 census)

Population World Ranking: 225
9,378 (July 2012 est.)

Age structure
0-14 years 33% (male 1,398/female 1,682)
15-64 years
65.3% (male 2,996/female 3,093)
65 years and over
1.6% (male 68/female 85) (2011 est.)

Median age
Total 24.6 years
Male 24.8 years
Female 24.3 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate World Ranking: 143
0.608% (2012 est.)

Birth rate World Ranking: 46
27.08 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Death rate World Ranking: 162
5.97 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)

Net migration rate World Ranking: 215
-15.04 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Urbanization
Urban population
100% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization
0.6% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Sex ratio
At birth 0.84 male(s)/female
Under 15 years 0.81 male(s)/female
15-64 years 0.97 male(s)/female
65 years and over 0.78 male(s)/female
Total population
0.91 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Infant mortality rate World Ranking: 154
Total 8.51 deaths/1,000 live births
Male 10.94 deaths/1,000 live births
Female
6.47 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth World Ranking: 166
Total population 65.7 years
Male 61.62 years
Female 69.11 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate World Ranking: 61
3.03 children born/woman (2012 est.)

Health expenditures World Ranking: 10
12.1% of GDP (2009)

Physicians density
0.714 physicians/1,000 population (2008)

Hiv/aids - adult prevalence rate
NA

Hiv/aids - people living with hiv/aids
NA

Hiv/aids - deaths
NA

Education expenditures
NA

Literacy
NA

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
Total 9 years
Male 9 years
Female 10 years (2008)


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  Nauru (Yaren):




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