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The Dutch United Provinces declared their independence from Spain in 1579; during the 17th century, they became a leading seafaring and commercial power, with settlements and colonies around the world. After a 20-year French occupation, a Kingdom of the Netherlands was formed in 1815. In 1830 Belgium seceded and formed a separate kingdom. The Netherlands remained neutral in World War I, but suffered invasion and occupation by Germany in World War II. A modern, industrialized nation, the Netherlands is also a large exporter of agricultural products. The country was a founding member of NATO and the EEC (now the EU), and participated in the introduction of the euro in 1999. In October 2010, the former Netherlands Antilles was dissolved and the three smallest islands - Bonaire, Sint Eustatius, and Saba - became special municipalities in the Netherlands administrative structure. The larger islands of Sint Maarten and Curacao joined the Netherlands and Aruba as constituent countries forming the Kingdom of the Netherlands.


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People And Society

Nationality
Noun
Dutchman(men), Dutchwoman(women)
Adjective Dutch

Ethnic groups
Dutch 80.7%, EU 5%, Indonesian 2.4%, Turkish 2.2%, Surinamese 2%, Moroccan 2%, Caribbean 0.8%, other 4.8% (2008 est.)

Languages
Dutch (official), Frisian (official)

Religions
Roman Catholic 30%, Protestant 20% (Dutch Reformed 11%, Calvinist 6%, other Protestant 3%), Muslim 5.8%, other 2.2%, none 42% (2006)

Population World Ranking: 63
16,730,632 (July 2012 est.)

Age structure
0-14 years
17% (male 1,466,218/female 1,398,463)
15-64 years
67.4% (male 5,732,042/female 5,624,408)
65 years and over
15.6% (male 1,141,507/female 1,484,369) (2011 est.)

Median age
Total 41.5 years
Male 40.7 years
Female 42.3 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate World Ranking: 153
0.452% (2012 est.)

Birth rate World Ranking: 173
10.89 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Death rate World Ranking: 88
8.39 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)

Net migration rate World Ranking: 38
2.02 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Urbanization
Urban population 83% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization
0.8% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major cities - population
AMSTERDAM (capital) 1.044 million; Rotterdam 1.008 million; The Hague (seat of government) 629,000 (2009)

Sex ratio
At birth 1.05 male(s)/female
Under 15 years 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over 0.8 male(s)/female
Total population
0.98 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Maternal mortality rate World Ranking: 170
6 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)

Infant mortality rate World Ranking: 204
Total 3.73 deaths/1,000 live births
Male 4.03 deaths/1,000 live births
Female
3.41 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth World Ranking: 21
Total population 80.91 years
Male 78.84 years
Female 83.08 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate World Ranking: 157
1.78 children born/woman (2012 est.)

Health expenditures World Ranking: 23
10.8% of GDP (2009)

Physicians density
3.921 physicians/1,000 population (2007)

Hospital bed density
4.25 beds/1,000 population (2008)

Hiv/aids - adult prevalence rate World Ranking: 93
0.2% (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - people living with hiv/aids World Ranking: 75
22,000 (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - deaths World Ranking: 124
Fewer than 100 (2009 est.)

Education expenditures World Ranking: 49
5.3% of GDP (2007)

Literacy
Definition
Age 15 and over can read and write
Total population 99%
Male 99%
Female 99% (2003 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
Total 17 years
Male 17 years
Female 17 years (2008)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 World Ranking: 119
Total 6.6%
Male 7.1%
Female 6.2% (2009)


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  Netherlands (Amsterdam):


  GPS points from Netherlands (Amsterdam)

Eigen North Brabant


Hilvarenbeek North Brabant

Anny's Hoeve North Brabant


Vlowijkerpolder Provincie Utrecht

De Pan Provincie Utrecht

Johannahoeve Provincie Gelderland




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