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Administrative divisions (GPS Maps)

Geography

People and Society

Government

Economy

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Transportation

Military


Settled by both Britain and France during the first half of the 19th century, the island was made a French possession in 1853. It served as a penal colony for four decades after 1864. Agitation for independence during the 1980s and early 1990s ended in the 1998 Noumea Accord, which over a period of 15 to 20 years will transfer an increasing amount of governing responsibility from France to New Caledonia. The agreement also commits France to conduct a referendum between 2014 and 2018 to decide whether New Caledonia should assume full sovereignty and independence.


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People And Society

Nationality
Noun New Caledonian(s)
Adjective New Caledonian

Ethnic groups
Melanesian 44.1%, European 34.1%, Wallisian & Futunian 9%, Tahitian 2.6%, Indonesian 2.5%, Vietnamese 1.4%, Ni-Vanuatu 1.1%, other 5.2% (1996 census)

Languages
French (official), 33 Melanesian-Polynesian dialects

Religions
Roman Catholic 60%, Protestant 30%, other 10%

Population World Ranking: 182
260,166 (July 2012 est.)

Age structure
0-14 years
24.9% (male 32,653/female 31,236)
15-64 years
67.3% (male 86,865/female 85,578)
65 years and over
7.8% (male 8,954/female 10,989) (2011 est.)

Median age
Total 30.4 years
Male 29.8 years
Female 31 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate World Ranking: 79
1.489% (2012 est.)

Birth rate World Ranking: 125
16.05 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Death rate World Ranking: 177
5.34 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)

Net migration rate World Ranking: 23
4.18 migrant(s)/1,000 population
Note
There has been steady emigration from Wallis and Futuna to New Caledonia (2012 est.)

Urbanization
Urban population 57% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization
1.4% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major cities - population
NOUMEA (capital) 144,000 (2009)

Sex ratio
At birth 1.05 male(s)/female
Under 15 years 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over 0.81 male(s)/female
Total population 1 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Infant mortality rate World Ranking: 177
Total 5.62 deaths/1,000 live births
Male 6.64 deaths/1,000 live births
Female
4.56 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth World Ranking: 70
Total population 76.94 years
Male 72.88 years
Female 81.2 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate World Ranking: 125
2.04 children born/woman (2012 est.)

Hiv/aids - adult prevalence rate
NA

Hiv/aids - people living with hiv/aids
NA

Hiv/aids - deaths
NA

Education expenditures
NA

Literacy
Definition
Age 15 and over can read and write
Total population 96.2%
Male 96.8%
Female 95.5% (1996 census)


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  New Caledonia [ France ] (Overseas Territory):


  GPS points from New Caledonia [ France ] (Overseas Territory)

Baie Nord New Caledonia (general)

Poualoa New Caledonia (general)

Kumenkere New Caledonia (general)

Yamani New Caledonia (general)

Kouare New Caledonia (general)

Le Sphinx New Caledonia (general)

Hnanigotit New Caledonia (general)

Goa Ndoro New Caledonia (general)




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