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Two British attempts at establishing the island as a penal colony (1788-1814 and 1825-55) were ultimately abandoned. In 1856, the island was resettled by Pitcairn Islanders, descendants of the Bounty mutineers and their Tahitian companions.


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Geography

Location
Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Australia

Geographic coordinates
29 02 S, 167 57 E

Map references
Oceania

Area World Ranking: 234
Total 36 sq km
Land 36 sq km
Water 0 sq km

Area - comparative
About 0.2 times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries
0 km

Coastline
32 km

Maritime claims
Territorial sea 12 nm
Exclusive fishing zone 200 nm

Climate
Subtropical; mild, little seasonal temperature variation

Terrain
Volcanic formation with mostly rolling plains

Elevation extremes
Lowest point Pacific Ocean 0 m
Highest point Mount Bates 319 m

Natural resources
Fish

Land use
Arable land 0%
Permanent crops 0%
Other 100% (2005)

Irrigated land
NA

Natural hazards
Typhoons (especially May to July)

Environment - current issues
NA

Geography - note
Most of the 32 km coastline consists of almost inaccessible cliffs, but the land slopes down to the sea in one small southern area on Sydney Bay, where the capital of Kingston is situated


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  Norfolk Island [ Australia ] (Australia):




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