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After three decades as part of the UN Trust Territory of the Pacific under US administration, this westernmost cluster of the Caroline Islands opted for independence in 1978 rather than join the Federated States of Micronesia. A Compact of Free Association with the US was approved in 1986 but not ratified until 1993. It entered into force the following year when the islands gained independence.


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People And Society

Nationality
Noun Palauan(s)
Adjective Palauan

Ethnic groups
Palauan (Micronesian with Malayan and Melanesian admixtures) 69.9%, Filipino 15.3%, Chinese 4.9%, other Asian 2.4%, white 1.9%, Carolinian 1.4%, other Micronesian 1.1%, other or unspecified 3.2% (2000 census)

Languages
Palauan (official on most islands) 64.7%, Filipino 13.5%, English (official) 9.4%, Chinese 5.7%, Carolinian 1.5%, Japanese 1.5%, other Asian 2.3%, other languages 1.5% (2000 census)
Note
Sonsoral (Sonsoralese and English are official), Tobi (Tobi and English are official), and Angaur (Angaur, Japanese, and English are official)

Religions
Roman Catholic 41.6%, Protestant 23.3%, Modekngei 8.8% (indigenous to Palau), Seventh-Day Adventist 5.3%, Jehovah's Witnesses 0.9%, Mormon 0.6%, other 3.1%, unspecified or none 16.4% (2000 census)

Population World Ranking: 218
21,032 (July 2012 est.)

Age structure
0-14 years
21.5% (male 2,329/female 2,187)
15-64 years 72% (male 8,355/female 6,724)
65 years and over
6.5% (male 402/female 959) (2011 est.)

Median age
Total 32.8 years
Male 32.4 years
Female 33.6 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate World Ranking: 159
0.361% (2012 est.)

Birth rate World Ranking: 176
10.79 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Death rate World Ranking: 108
7.89 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)

Net migration rate World Ranking: 59
0.71 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Urbanization
Urban population 83% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization
1.4% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Sex ratio
At birth 1.06 male(s)/female
Under 15 years 1.07 male(s)/female
15-64 years 1.24 male(s)/female
65 years and over 0.4 male(s)/female
Total population
1.12 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Infant mortality rate World Ranking: 132
Total 12.1 deaths/1,000 live births
Male 13.7 deaths/1,000 live births
Female
10.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth World Ranking: 130
Total population 72.06 years
Male 68.9 years
Female 75.4 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate World Ranking: 167
1.72 children born/woman (2012 est.)

Health expenditures World Ranking: 18
11.2% of GDP (2009)

Physicians density
1.3 physicians/1,000 population (2006)

Hospital bed density
4.9 beds/1,000 population (2009)

Hiv/aids - adult prevalence rate
NA

Hiv/aids - people living with hiv/aids
NA

Hiv/aids - deaths
NA

Education expenditures
NA

Literacy
Definition
Age 15 and over can read and write
Total population 92%
Male 93%
Female 90% (1980 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
Total 15 years
Male 14 years
Female 15 years (2001)


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  Palau (Koror):


  GPS points from Palau (Koror)

Erengoll State Of Ngarchelong

Tamaire Mountain Palau (general)

Arukoron Point Palau (general)

Ngesenhong River Palau (general)

Lkes Palau (general)

Pkul A Tmolial Palau (general)

A Imetang Palau (general)

Nanalake Palau (general)




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