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Administrative divisions (GPS Maps)

Geography

People and Society

Government

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The eastern half of the island of New Guinea - second largest in the world - was divided between Germany (north) and the UK (south) in 1885. The latter area was transferred to Australia in 1902, which occupied the northern portion during World War I and continued to administer the combined areas until independence in 1975. A nine-year secessionist revolt on the island of Bougainville ended in 1997 after claiming some 20,000 lives.


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Government

Country name
Conventional long form
Independent State of Papua New Guinea
Conventional short form Papua New Guinea
Local short form Papuaniugini
Former
Territory of Papua and New Guinea
Abbreviation PNG

Government type
Constitutional parliamentary democracy and a Commonwealth realm

Capital
Name Port Moresby
Geographic coordinates 9 27 S, 147 11 E
Time difference
UTC+10 (15 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Administrative divisions
18 provinces, 1 autonomous region*, and 1 district**; Bougainville*, Central, Chimbu, Eastern Highlands, East New Britain, East Sepik, Enga, Gulf, Madang, Manus, Milne Bay, Morobe, National Capital**, New Ireland, Northern, Sandaun, Southern Highlands, Western, Western Highlands, West New Britain
Note
Hela and Jiwaka were approved as separate provinces on 17 May 2012

Independence
16 September 1975 (from the Australian-administered UN trusteeship)

Constitution
16 September 1975

Legal system
Mixed legal system of English common law and customary law

International law organization participation
Has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; non-party state to the ICCt

Suffrage
18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state
Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor Michael OGIO (since 25 February 2011)
Head of government
Prime Minister Peter Paire O'NEILL (since 2 August 2011); Deputy Prime Minister Leo DION (since 9 August 2012)
Cabinet
National Executive Council appointed by the governor general on the recommendation of the prime minister
Elections
The monarchy is hereditary; the governor general nominated by parliament and appointed by the chief of state; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or leader of the majority coalition usually appointed prime minister by the governor general acting in accordance with a decision of the parliament; Peter Paire O'NEILL elected prime minister by parliament on 3 August 2012 by a vote of 94 to 12

Legislative branch
Unicameral National Parliament (109 seats, 89 filled from open electorates and 20 from provinces and national capital district; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms); constitution allows up to 126 seats
Elections
Last held from 23 June 2012 to 27 July 2012; (next to be held in June 2017)
Election results
Percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - People's National Congress Party 27, Triumph Heritage Empowerment Party 12, PNG Party 8, National Alliance Party 7, United Resources Party 7, People's Party 6, People's Progess Party 6, other parties 22, independents 16
Note
14 other parties won 3 or fewer seats; association with political parties is fluid

Judicial branch
Supreme Court (the chief justice is appointed by the governor general on the proposal of the National Executive Council after consultation with the minister responsible for justice; other judges are appointed by the Judicial and Legal Services Commission)

Political parties and leaders
National Alliance Party or NA [Michael SOMARE]; Papua New Guinea Party or PNGP [Beldan NEMAH]; People's National Congress Party or PNC [Peter O'NEILL]; People's Party or PP; People's Progress Party or PPP; Triumph Heritage Empowerment Party [Beldan NAMAH]; United Resources Party or URP [William DUMA]
Note
As of 13 March 2012, 41 political parties were registered

Political pressure groups and leaders
Centre for Environment Law and Community Rights or Celcor [Damien ASE]; Community Coalition Against Corruption; National Council of Women; Transparency International PNG

International organization participation
ACP, ADB, AOSIS, APEC, ARF, ASEAN (observer), C, CP, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITSO, ITU, MIGA, NAM, OPCW, PIF, Sparteca, SPC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Diplomatic representation in the us
Chief of mission
Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Elias Rahuromo WOHENGU
Chancery
1779 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Suite 805, Washington, DC 20036
Telephone [1] (202) 745-3680
FAX [1] (202) 745-3679

Diplomatic representation from the us
Chief of mission Ambassador Teddy B. TAYLOR
Embassy
Douglas Street, Port Moresby, N.C.D.
Mailing address
4240 Port Moresby PI, US Department of State, Washington DC 20521-4240
Telephone [675] 321-1455
FAX [675] 321-3423

Flag description
Divided diagonally from upper hoist-side corner; the upper triangle is red with a soaring yellow bird of paradise centered; the lower triangle is black with five, white, five-pointed stars of the Southern Cross constellation centered; red, black, and yellow are traditional colors of Papua New Guinea; the bird of paradise - endemic to the island of New Guinea - is an emblem of regional tribal culture and represents the emergence of Papua New Guinea as a nation; the Southern Cross, visible in the night sky, symbolizes Papua New Guinea's connection with Australia and several other countries in the South Pacific

National symbol(s)
Bird of paradise

National anthem
Name "O Arise All You Sons"
Lyrics/music Thomas SHACKLADY
Note Adopted 1975


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  Papua New Guinea (Port Moresby):


  GPS points from Papua New Guinea (Port Moresby)

Arimetau Number 1 Madang Province

Pondo Plantation East New Britain Province

Kuruki Reef Bougainville

Tavanatangir River East New Britain Province

Kaiserin-augusta-bucht Bougainville

Iwai Milne Bay Province

Rugged Island Milne Bay Province

Giri Madang Province




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