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Paraguay achieved its independence from Spain in 1811. In the disastrous War of the Triple Alliance (1865-70) - between Paraguay and Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay - Paraguay lost two-thirds of all adult males and much of its territory. The country stagnated economically for the next half century. Following the Chaco War of 1932-35 with Bolivia, Paraguay gained a large part of the Chaco lowland region. The 35-year military dictatorship of Alfredo STROESSNER ended in 1989, and, despite a marked increase in political infighting in recent years, Paraguay has held relatively free and regular presidential elections since then.


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People And Society

Nationality
Noun Paraguayan(s)
Adjective Paraguayan

Ethnic groups
Mestizo (mixed Spanish and Amerindian) 95%, other 5%

Languages
Spanish (official), Guarani (official)

Religions
Roman Catholic 89.6%, Protestant 6.2%, other Christian 1.1%, other or unspecified 1.9%, none 1.1% (2002 census)

Population World Ranking: 103
6,541,591 (July 2012 est.)

Age structure
0-14 years
28.5% (male 936,298/female 905,285)
15-64 years
65.4% (male 2,121,632/female 2,100,740)
65 years and over
6.1% (male 183,440/female 211,663) (2011 est.)

Median age
Total 25.9 years
Male 25.6 years
Female 26.1 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate World Ranking: 92
1.256% (2012 est.)

Birth rate World Ranking: 117
17.22 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Death rate World Ranking: 198
4.59 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)

Net migration rate World Ranking: 118
-0.08 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Urbanization
Urban population 61% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization
2.5% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major cities - population
ASUNCION (capital) 1.977 million (2009)

Sex ratio
At birth 1.05 male(s)/female
Under 15 years 1.03 male(s)/female
15-64 years 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over 0.87 male(s)/female
Total population
1.01 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Maternal mortality rate World Ranking: 74
99 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)

Infant mortality rate World Ranking: 87
Total 22.24 deaths/1,000 live births
Male 26.06 deaths/1,000 live births
Female
18.23 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth World Ranking: 74
Total population 76.4 years
Male 73.78 years
Female 79.14 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate World Ranking: 123
2.06 children born/woman (2012 est.)

Health expenditures World Ranking: 74
7.1% of GDP (2009)

Physicians density
1.11 physicians/1,000 population (2002)

Hospital bed density
1.3 beds/1,000 population (2009)

Hiv/aids - adult prevalence rate World Ranking: 91
0.3% (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - people living with hiv/aids World Ranking: 90
13,000 (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - deaths World Ranking: 95
Fewer than 500 (2009 est.)

Major infectious diseases
Degree of risk Intermediate
Food or waterborne diseases
Bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
Vectorborne disease
Dengue fever and malaria (2009)

Education expenditures World Ranking: 103
4% of GDP (2008)

Literacy
Definition
Age 15 and over can read and write
Total population 94%
Male 94.9%
Female 93% (2003 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
Total 12 years
Male 12 years
Female 12 years (2007)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 World Ranking: 92
Total 11.8%
Male 8.7%
Female 16.8% (2008)


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  Paraguay (Asuncion):


  GPS points from Paraguay (Asuncion)

Itaquyry Departamento De San Pedro

Fortin Pilcomayo Departamento De Boqueron

Canada Elisa Departamento De Boqueron

Ipacarai Departamento Central

Montana De Tayao-pau Departamento De Caaguazu

Estancia Curuzu Departamento De San Pedro

Estancia Rincon Charrua Departamento De Presidente Hayes

Villa Elisa Departamento Central




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