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Pitcairn Island was discovered in 1767 by the British and settled in 1790 by the Bounty mutineers and their Tahitian companions. Pitcairn was the first Pacific island to become a British colony (in 1838) and today remains the last vestige of that empire in the South Pacific. Outmigration, primarily to New Zealand, has thinned the population from a peak of 233 in 1937 to less than 50 today.


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Geography

Location
Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about midway between Peru and New Zealand

Geographic coordinates
25 04 S, 130 06 W

Map references
Oceania

Area World Ranking: 233
Total 47 sq km
Land 47 sq km
Water 0 sq km

Area - comparative
About three tenths the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries
0 km

Coastline
51 km

Maritime claims
Territorial sea 3 nm
Exclusive economic zone 200 nm

Climate
Tropical; hot and humid; modified by southeast trade winds; rainy season (November to March)

Terrain
Rugged volcanic formation; rocky coastline with cliffs

Elevation extremes
Lowest point Pacific Ocean 0 m
Highest point Big Ridge 347 m

Natural resources
Miro trees (used for handicrafts), fish
Note
Manganese, iron, copper, gold, silver, and zinc have been discovered offshore

Land use
Arable land NA
Permanent crops NA
Other NA

Irrigated land
NA

Natural hazards
Typhoons (especially November to March)

Environment - current issues
Deforestation (only a small portion of the original forest remains because of burning and clearing for settlement)

Geography - note
Britain's most isolated dependency; only the larger island of Pitcairn is inhabited but it has no port or natural harbor; supplies must be transported by rowed longboat from larger ships stationed offshore


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  Pitcairn Islands [ United Kingdom ] (Overseas Territory):




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