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Pitcairn Island was discovered in 1767 by the British and settled in 1790 by the Bounty mutineers and their Tahitian companions. Pitcairn was the first Pacific island to become a British colony (in 1838) and today remains the last vestige of that empire in the South Pacific. Outmigration, primarily to New Zealand, has thinned the population from a peak of 233 in 1937 to less than 50 today.


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Government

Country name
Conventional long form
Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie, and Oeno Islands
Conventional short form Pitcairn Islands

Dependency status
Overseas territory of the UK

Government type
NA

Capital
Name Adamstown
Geographic coordinates 25 04 S, 130 05 W
Time difference
UTC-9 (4 hours behind Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Administrative divisions
None (overseas territory of the UK)

Independence
None (overseas territory of the UK)

Constitution
The Pitcairn Constitution Order 2010, effective 4 March 2010

Legal system
Local island by-laws

Suffrage
18 years of age; universal with three years residency

Executive branch
Chief of state
Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by UK High Commissioner to New Zealand and Governor (nonresident) of the Pitcairn Islands Victoria M. TREADELL (since May 2010); Commissioner (nonresident) Leslie JAQUES (since September 2003) serves as liaison between the governor and the Island Council
Head of government
Mayor and Chairman of the Island Council Mike WARREN (since 1 January 2008)
Cabinet NA
Elections
The monarchy is hereditary; governor and commissioner appointed by the monarch; island mayor elected by popular vote for a three-year term; election last held in December 2010 (next to be held in December 2013)
Election results
Mike WARREN reelected mayor and chairman of the Island Council

Legislative branch
Unicameral Island Council (11 seats; mayor, deputy mayor, 4 members elected by popular vote, 1 member appointed by the governor, 3 ex officio members including governor, deputy governor, and commissioner; deputy mayor and elected members serve two-year terms)
Elections
Last held on 24 December 2009 (next to be held on 24 December 2011)
Election results
Percent of vote - NA; seats - 4 independents

Judicial branch
Magistrate's Court; Supreme Court; Court of Appeal; judicial officers are appointed by the governor

Political parties and leaders
None

Political pressure groups and leaders
None

International organization participation
SPC, UPU

Diplomatic representation in the us
None (overseas territory of the UK)

Diplomatic representation from the us
None (overseas territory of the UK)

Flag description
Blue with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Pitcairn Islander coat of arms centered on the outer half of the flag; the green, yellow, and blue of the shield represents the island rising from the ocean; the green field features a yellow anchor surmounted by a bible (both the anchor and the bible were items found on the HMS Bounty); sitting on the crest is a Pitcairn Island wheelbarrow from which springs a slip of miro (a local plant)

National anthem
Name "We From Pitcairn Island"
Lyrics/music Unknown/Frederick M. LEHMAN
Note
Serves as a local anthem; as a territory of the United Kingdom, "God Save the Queen" is official (see United Kingdom)


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  Pitcairn Islands [ United Kingdom ] (Overseas Territory):




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