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People and Society






Ruled by the Al Thani family since the mid-1800s, Qatar transformed itself from a poor British protectorate noted mainly for pearling into an independent state with significant oil and natural gas revenues. During the late 1980s and early 1990s, the Qatari economy was crippled by a continuous siphoning off of petroleum revenues by the Amir, who had ruled the country since 1972. His son, the current Amir HAMAD bin Khalifa Al Thani, overthrew him in a bloodless coup in 1995. In 2001, Qatar resolved its longstanding border disputes with both Bahrain and Saudi Arabia. As of 2007, oil and natural gas revenues had enabled Qatar to attain the highest per capita income in the world. Qatar has not experienced the level of unrest or violence seen in other Near Eastern and North African countries in 2010-11, due in part to its immense wealth. Qatar's international image is bolstered in part by the Doha-based Al Jazirah news network, which has provided comprehensive coverage of the Near East and North African Arab revolutions. Additionally, Qatar played a significant role in the Libyan revolution by pressing the Gulf Cooperation Council and the Arab League to assist the Libyan rebel movement.


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People And Society

Noun Qatari(s)
Adjective Qatari

Ethnic groups
Arab 40%, Indian 18%, Pakistani 18%, Iranian 10%, other 14%

Arabic (official), English commonly used as a second language

Muslim 77.5%, Christian 8.5%, other 14% (2004 census)

Population World Ranking: 147
1,951,591 (July 2012 est.)

Age structure
0-14 years
21.8% (male 95,240/female 89,446)
15-64 years
76.7% (male 460,673/female 189,914)
65 years and over
1.5% (male 7,311/female 5,432) (2011 est.)

Median age
Total 32.2 years
Male 33.2 years
Female 27.8 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate World Ranking: 1
4.93% (2012 est.)

Birth rate World Ranking: 188
10.23 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Death rate World Ranking: 223
1.55 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)

Net migration rate World Ranking: 1
40.62 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Urban population 96% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization
1.6% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major cities - population
DOHA (capital) 427,000 (2009)

Sex ratio
At birth 1.02 male(s)/female
Under 15 years 1.03 male(s)/female
15-64 years 4.15 male(s)/female
65 years and over 1.5 male(s)/female
Total population
3.29 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Maternal mortality rate World Ranking: 167
7 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)

Infant mortality rate World Ranking: 165
Total 6.81 deaths/1,000 live births
Male 7.08 deaths/1,000 live births
6.53 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth World Ranking: 54
Total population 78.09 years
Male 76.11 years
Female 80.12 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate World Ranking: 135
1.93 children born/woman (2012 est.)

Health expenditures World Ranking: 184
2.5% of GDP (2009)

Physicians density
2.757 physicians/1,000 population (2006)

Hospital bed density
1.4 beds/1,000 population (2008)

Hiv/aids - adult prevalence rate World Ranking: 149
Less than 0.1% (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - people living with hiv/aids World Ranking: 158
Fewer than 200 (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - deaths World Ranking: 128
Fewer than 100 (2009 est.)

Education expenditures World Ranking: 120
3.3% of GDP (2005)

Age 15 and over can read and write
Total population 96.3%
Male 96.5%
Female 95.4% (2010 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
Total 12 years
Male 11 years
Female 14 years (2009)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 World Ranking: 129
Total 1.6%
Male 0.7%
Female 7.5% (2007)


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  Qatar (Doha):

  GPS points from Qatar (Doha)

Al Husayn Baladiyat Ar Rayyan

Ash Shafallahiyah Baladiyat Al Khawr Wa Adh Dhakhirah

Ra's Qutayfan Baladiyat Umm Salal

Rawdat Abu Khudaym Baladiyat Ar Rayyan

Quarna Al `ashairiq Qatar (general)

Jazirat Al Bushayriyah Baladiyat Al Wakrah

Hulwan Baladiyat Ash Shamal

Ma' Juway`id Qatar (general)
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