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New Zealand occupied the German protectorate of Western Samoa at the outbreak of World War I in 1914. It continued to administer the islands as a mandate and then as a trust territory until 1962, when the islands became the first Polynesian nation to reestablish independence in the 20th century. The country dropped the "Western" from its name in 1997.


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People And Society

Nationality
Noun Samoan(s)
Adjective Samoan

Ethnic groups
Samoan 92.6%, Euronesians (persons of European and Polynesian blood) 7%, Europeans 0.4% (2001 census)

Languages
Samoan (Polynesian) (official), English

Religions
Protestant 59.9% (Congregationalist 34.8%, Methodist 15%, Assembly of God 6.6%, Seventh-Day Adventist 3.5%), Roman Catholic 19.6%, Mormon 12.7%, Worship Centre 1.3%, other Christian 4.5%, other 1.9%, unspecified 0.1% (2001 census)

Population World Ranking: 184
194,320 (July 2012 est.)
Note
Prior estimates used official net migration data by sex, but a highly unusual pattern for 1993 lead to a significant imbalance in the sex ratios (more men and fewer women) and a seeming reduction in the female population; the revised total was calculated using a 1993 number that was an average of the 1992 and 1994 migration figures

Age structure
0-14 years
35.4% (male 35,233/female 33,060)
15-64 years
59.4% (male 59,366/female 55,376)
65 years and over
5.2% (male 4,472/female 5,654) (2011 est.)

Median age
Total 22.5 years
Male 22.3 years
Female 22.7 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate World Ranking: 144
0.596% (2012 est.)

Birth rate World Ranking: 75
22.1 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Death rate World Ranking: 176
5.34 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)

Net migration rate World Ranking: 210
-10.81 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Urbanization
Urban population 20% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization
0% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major cities - population
APIA (capital) 36,000 (2009)

Sex ratio
At birth 1.05 male(s)/female
Under 15 years 1.07 male(s)/female
15-64 years 1.07 male(s)/female
65 years and over 0.78 male(s)/female
Total population
1.05 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Maternal mortality rate World Ranking: 71
100 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)

Infant mortality rate World Ranking: 89
Total 21.85 deaths/1,000 live births
Male 25.85 deaths/1,000 live births
Female
17.66 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth World Ranking: 127
Total population 72.66 years
Male 69.79 years
Female 75.68 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate World Ranking: 55
3.13 children born/woman (2012 est.)

Health expenditures World Ranking: 80
7% of GDP (2009)

Physicians density
0.27 physicians/1,000 population (2005)

Hospital bed density
0.97 beds/1,000 population (2005)

Hiv/aids - adult prevalence rate
NA

Hiv/aids - people living with hiv/aids
NA

Hiv/aids - deaths
NA

Education expenditures World Ranking: 37
5.7% of GDP (2008)

Literacy
Definition
Age 15 and over can read and write
Total population 99.7%
Male 99.6%
Female 99.7% (2003 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
Total 12 years
Male 12 years
Female 13 years (2005)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 World Ranking: 89
Total 12.2%
Male 10.6%
Female 15.5% (2001)


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  Samoa (Apia):


  GPS points from Samoa (Apia)

Tafaga Bay Samoa (general)

Moamoa Samoa (general)

Falula Samoa (general)

Lotofaga Samoa (general)

Levi Samoa (general)

Tulaele Farm Tuamasaga

Chatham Island Samoa (general)

Matautu Samoa (general)




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