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Administrative divisions (GPS Maps)

Geography

People and Society

Government

Economy

Communications

Transportation

Military


Discovered and claimed by Portugal in the late 15th century, the islands' sugar-based economy gave way to coffee and cocoa in the 19th century - all grown with plantation slave labor, a form of which lingered into the 20th century. While independence was achieved in 1975, democratic reforms were not instituted until the late 1980s. The country held its first free elections in 1991, but frequent internal wrangling between the various political parties precipitated repeated changes in leadership and two failed coup attempts in 1995 and 2003. The recent discovery of oil in the Gulf of Guinea promises to attract increased attention to the small island nation.


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Communications

Telephones - main lines in use World Ranking: 204
7,700 (2009)

Telephones - mobile cellular World Ranking: 188
102,500 (2009)

Telephone system
General assessment
Local telephone network of adequate quality with most lines connected to digital switches
Domestic
Combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular teledensity roughly 65 telephones per 100 persons
International
Country code - 239; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) (2008)

Broadcast media
1 government-owned TV station; 1 government-owned radio station; 3 independent local radio stations authorized in 2005 with 2 operating at the end of 2006; transmissions of multiple international broadcasters are available (2007)

Internet country code
.st

Internet hosts World Ranking: 163
1,646 (2010)

Internet users World Ranking: 183
26,700 (2009)


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  Sao Tome And Principe (Sao Tome):


  GPS points from Sao Tome And Principe (Sao Tome)

Queijo Sao Tome

Praia Azeitona Sao Tome

Praia Pequena Principe


Ilheu Dos Cocos Sao Tome

Praia Koba Sao Tome

Rio Leca Sao Tome

Ilha De Sao Tome Sao Tome




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