getamap.net
Africa
Africa
Oceania
Oceania
Asia
Asia
North America
North America
Europe
Europe
South America
South America
Antarctica
Antarctica

Search: 



Administrative divisions (GPS Maps)

Geography

People and Society

Government

Economy

Communications

Transportation

Military


Discovered and claimed by Portugal in the late 15th century, the islands' sugar-based economy gave way to coffee and cocoa in the 19th century - all grown with plantation slave labor, a form of which lingered into the 20th century. While independence was achieved in 1975, democratic reforms were not instituted until the late 1980s. The country held its first free elections in 1991, but frequent internal wrangling between the various political parties precipitated repeated changes in leadership and two failed coup attempts in 1995 and 2003. The recent discovery of oil in the Gulf of Guinea promises to attract increased attention to the small island nation.


Advertisements:

Advertisements Advertisements



Geography

Location
Central Africa, islands in the Gulf of Guinea, straddling the Equator, west of Gabon

Geographic coordinates
1 00 N, 7 00 E

Map references
Africa

Area World Ranking: 185
Total 964 sq km
Land 964 sq km
Water 0 sq km

Area - comparative
More than five times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries
0 km

Coastline
209 km

Maritime claims
Measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
Territorial sea 12 nm
Exclusive economic zone 200 nm

Climate
Tropical; hot, humid; one rainy season (October to May)

Terrain
Volcanic, mountainous

Elevation extremes
Lowest point Atlantic Ocean 0 m
Highest point Pico de Sao Tome 2,024 m

Natural resources
Fish, hydropower

Land use
Arable land 8.33%
Permanent crops 48.96%
Other 42.71% (2005)

Irrigated land
100 sq km (2003)

Natural hazards
NA

Environment - current issues
Deforestation; soil erosion and exhaustion

Environment - international agreements
Party to
Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
Signed, but not ratified
None of the selected agreements

Geography - note
The smallest country in Africa; the two main islands form part of a chain of extinct volcanoes and both are mountainous


Comments

--- There are no comments yet ---


Add a new comment:



You have to log in to add a comment!

 

Avertisments  Advertisement


Members area  Members area

Username:
Password:

Register

Forgot password?

  Sao Tome And Principe (Sao Tome):


  GPS points from Sao Tome And Principe (Sao Tome)

Plato Cafe Sao Tome

Ribeira Banzu Principe

Ilheu Santana Principe

Atalaia Principe

Principe Principe


Ilheu Macaco Sao Tome





viewweather.com sv.ViewWeather.com
fr.ViewWeather.com
da.ViewWeather.com
de.ViewWeather.com
es.ViewWeather.com
www.carpati.org
www.searchromania.net
www.cdtracks.org
es.getamap.org
fr.getamap.org
de.getamap.org
nl.getamap.org
da.getamap.org
www.getamap.org
Links
Terms of use
Privacy policy

# 0.0187 sec 

contact AT getamap.net

© 2006 - 2019  http://www.getamap.net/