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The French colonies of Senegal and the French Sudan were merged in 1959 and granted their independence as the Mali Federation in 1960. The union broke up after only a few months. Senegal joined with The Gambia to form the nominal confederation of Senegambia in 1982. The envisaged integration of the two countries was never carried out, and the union was dissolved in 1989. The Movement of Democratic Forces in the Casamance (MFDC) has led a low-level separatist insurgency in southern Senegal since the 1980s, and several peace deals have failed to resolve the conflict. Nevertheless, Senegal remains one of the most stable democracies in Africa and has a long history of participating in international peacekeeping and regional mediation. Senegal was ruled by a Socialist Party for 40 years until Abdoulaye WADE was elected president in 2000. He was reelected in 2007 and during his two terms amended Senegal's constitution over a dozen times to increase executive power and to weaken the opposition. His attempt to change the constitution in June 2011 prompted large public protests and his decision to run for a third presidential term sparked a large public backlash that led to his defeat in a March 2012 runoff election with Macky SALL.


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Communications

Telephones - main lines in use World Ranking: 109
341,900 (2009)

Telephones - mobile cellular World Ranking: 82
8.344 million (2009)

Telephone system
General assessment
Good system with microwave radio relay, coaxial cable and fiber-optic cable in trunk system
Domestic
Above-average urban system with a fiber-optic network; nearly two-thirds of all fixed-line connections are in Dakar where a call-center industry is emerging; expansion of fixed-line services in rural areas needed; mobile-cellular service is expanding rapidly
International
Country code - 221; the SAT-3/WASC fiber-optic cable provides connectivity to Europe and Asia while Atlantis-2 provides connectivity to South America; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) (2007)

Broadcast media
State-run Radiodiffusion Television Senegalaise (RTS) operates 2 TV stations; a few private TV subscription channels rebroadcast foreign channels without providing any local news or programs; RTS operates a national radio network and a number of regional FM stations; many community and private-broadcast radio stations are available; transmissions of at least 2 international broadcasters are accessible on FM in Dakar (2007)

Internet country code
.sn

Internet hosts World Ranking: 198
217 (2010)

Internet users World Ranking: 76
1.818 million (2009)


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  Senegal (Dakar):


  GPS points from Senegal (Dakar)

Bandia Bambara Region De Thies

Sebere (sg08)

Toulel Tiale Region De Matam

Tessekre (sg08)

Soukouta Region De Ziguinchor

Keur Gouli Region De Tambacounda

Foret Classee De Koumpenntoum Region De Kaffrine

Belgarki (sg08)




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