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A lengthy struggle between France and Great Britain for the islands ended in 1814, when they were ceded to the latter. Independence came in 1976. Socialist rule was brought to a close with a new constitution and free elections in 1993. President France-Albert RENE, who had served since 1977, was re-elected in 2001, but stepped down in 2004. Vice President James MICHEL took over the presidency and in July 2006 was elected to a new five-year term; he was reelected in May 2011.


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Geography

Location
Archipelago in the Indian Ocean, northeast of Madagascar

Geographic coordinates
4 35 S, 55 40 E

Map references
Africa

Area World Ranking: 198
Total 455 sq km
Land 455 sq km
Water 0 sq km

Area - comparative
2.5 times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries
0 km

Coastline
491 km

Maritime claims
Territorial sea 12 nm
Contiguous zone 24 nm
Exclusive economic zone 200 nm
Continental shelf
200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin

Climate
Tropical marine; humid; cooler season during southeast monsoon (late May to September); warmer season during northwest monsoon (March to May)

Terrain
Mahe Group is granitic, narrow coastal strip, rocky, hilly; others are coral, flat, elevated reefs

Elevation extremes
Lowest point Indian Ocean 0 m
Highest point Morne Seychellois 905 m

Natural resources
Fish, copra, cinnamon trees

Land use
Arable land 2.17%
Permanent crops 13.04%
Other 84.79% (2005)

Irrigated land
3 sq km

Natural hazards
Lies outside the cyclone belt, so severe storms are rare; short droughts possible

Environment - current issues
Water supply depends on catchments to collect rainwater

Environment - international agreements
Party to
Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
Signed, but not ratified
None of the selected agreements

Geography - note
41 granitic and about 75 coralline islands


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  Seychelles (Victoria):


  GPS points from Seychelles (Victoria)

Ile Anonyme Seychelles (general)

Pelican Islet Seychelles (general)

Chenal Principal Seychelles (general)

Grand Soeur Seychelles (general)

Astove Island Seychelles (general)

La Riviere Anglaise English River

Saint Pierre Island Seychelles (general)

Cascade Cascade




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