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A lengthy struggle between France and Great Britain for the islands ended in 1814, when they were ceded to the latter. Independence came in 1976. Socialist rule was brought to a close with a new constitution and free elections in 1993. President France-Albert RENE, who had served since 1977, was re-elected in 2001, but stepped down in 2004. Vice President James MICHEL took over the presidency and in July 2006 was elected to a new five-year term; he was reelected in May 2011.


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People And Society

Nationality
Noun
Seychellois (singular and plural)
Adjective Seychellois

Ethnic groups
Mixed French, African, Indian, Chinese, and Arab

Languages
Creole 91.8%, English (official) 4.9%, other 3.1%, unspecified 0.2% (2002 census)

Religions
Roman Catholic 82.3%, Protestant 7.5% (Anglican 6.4%, Seventh-Day Adventist 1.1%), other Christian 3.4%, Hindu 2.1%, Muslim 1.1%, other non-Christian 1.5%, unspecified 1.5%, none 0.6% (2002 census)

Population World Ranking: 196
90,024 (July 2012 est.)

Age structure
0-14 years
21.9% (male 9,987/female 9,501)
15-64 years
71% (male 33,044/female 30,277)
65 years and over
7.2% (male 2,399/female 3,980) (2011 est.)

Median age
Total 32.9 years
Male 32.4 years
Female 33.4 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate World Ranking: 122
0.922% (2012 est.)

Birth rate World Ranking: 133
15.1 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Death rate World Ranking: 138
6.9 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)

Net migration rate World Ranking: 52
1.02 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Urbanization
Urban population 55% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization
1.3% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major cities - population
VICTORIA (capital) 26,000 (2009)

Sex ratio
At birth 1.03 male(s)/female
Under 15 years 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years 1.1 male(s)/female
65 years and over 0.61 male(s)/female
Total population
1.04 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Infant mortality rate World Ranking: 136
Total 11.35 deaths/1,000 live births
Male 14.23 deaths/1,000 live births
Female
8.39 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth World Ranking: 114
Total population 73.77 years
Male 69.14 years
Female 78.54 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate World Ranking: 139
1.9 children born/woman (2012 est.)

Health expenditures World Ranking: 160
4% of GDP (2009)

Physicians density
1.51 physicians/1,000 population (2004)

Hospital bed density
3.94 beds/1,000 population (2009)

Hiv/aids - adult prevalence rate
NA

Hiv/aids - people living with hiv/aids
NA

Hiv/aids - deaths
NA

Obesity - adult prevalence rate World Ranking: 11
25.1% (2004)

Education expenditures World Ranking: 58
5% of GDP (2006)

Literacy
Definition
Age 15 and over can read and write
Total population 91.8%
Male 91.4%
Female 92.3% (2002 census)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
Total 14 years
Male 14 years
Female 15 years (2008)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 World Ranking: 54
Total 20.3% (2002)


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  Seychelles (Victoria):


  GPS points from Seychelles (Victoria)

L'esperance Beau Vallon

Caiman Rocks Seychelles (general)

Roche De L' Intendance Seychelles (general)

Middle Island Seychelles (general)

Au Cap Seychelles (general)

Bon Espoir Estate Seychelles (general)

Ile Aux Recifs Seychelles (general)

Long Island Seychelles (general)




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