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Administrative divisions (GPS Maps)

Geography

People and Society

Government

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Military


Democracy is slowly being reestablished after the civil war from 1991 to 2002 that resulted in tens of thousands of deaths and the displacement of more than 2 million people (about a third of the population). The military, which took over full responsibility for security following the departure of UN peacekeepers at the end of 2005, is increasingly developing as a guarantor of the country's stability. The armed forces remained on the sideline during the 2007 presidential election but still look to the UN Integrated Office in Sierra Leone (UNIOSIL) - a civilian UN mission - to support efforts to consolidate peace. The new government's priorities include furthering development, creating jobs, and stamping out endemic corruption.


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Government

Country name
Conventional long form Republic of Sierra Leone
Conventional short form Sierra Leone
Local long form Republic of Sierra Leone
Local short form Sierra Leone

Government type
Constitutional democracy

Capital
Name Freetown
Geographic coordinates 8 29 N, 13 14 W
Time difference
UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Administrative divisions
3 provinces and 1 area*; Eastern, Northern, Southern, Western*

Independence
27 April 1961 (from the UK)

Constitution
1 October 1991; amended several times

Legal system
Mixed legal system of English common law and customary law

International law organization participation
Has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; accepts ICCt jurisdiction

Suffrage
18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state
President Ernest Bai KOROMA (since 17 September 2007); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
Head of government
President Ernest Bai KOROMA (since 17 September 2007)
Cabinet
Ministers of State appointed by the president with the approval of the House of Representatives; the cabinet is responsible to the president
Elections
President elected by popular vote for a five-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 11 August 2007 and 8 September 2007 (next to be held on 17 November 2012)
Election results
Second round results; percent of vote - Ernest Bai KOROMA 54.6%, Solomon BEREWA 45.4%

Legislative branch
Unicameral Parliament (124 seats; 112 members elected by popular vote, 12 filled by paramount chiefs elected in separate elections; members to serve five-year terms)
Elections
Last held on 11 August 2007 (next to be held on 17 November 2012)
Election results
Percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - APC 59, SLPP 43, PMDC 10

Judicial branch
Supreme Court; Appeals Court; High Court

Political parties and leaders
All People's Congress or APC [Ernest Bai KOROMA]; Peace and Liberation Party or PLP [Darlington MORRISON]; People's Movement for Democratic Change or PMDC [Charles MARGAI]; Sierra Leone People's Party or SLPP [Julius Maada BIO]; numerous others

Political pressure groups and leaders
Other Student unions; trade unions

International organization participation
ACP, AfDB, AU, C, ECOWAS, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NAM, OIC, OPCW, UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNISFA, UNMISS, UNMIT, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Diplomatic representation in the us
Chief of mission
Ambassador Bockari Kortu STEVENS
Chancery
1701 19th Street NW, Washington, DC 20009
Telephone
[1] (202) 939-9261 through 9263
FAX [1] (202) 483-1793

Diplomatic representation from the us
Chief of mission Ambassador Michael S. OWEN
Embassy
Southridge-Hill Station, Freetown
Mailing address Use embassy street address
Telephone
[232] (22) 515 000 or (76) 515 000
FAX [232] (22) 515 355

Flag description
Three equal horizontal bands of green (top), white, and blue; green symbolizes agriculture, mountains, and natural resources, white represents unity and justice, and blue the sea and the natural harbor in Freetown

National symbol(s)
Lion

National anthem
Name
"High We Exalt Thee, Realm of the Free"
Lyrics/music
Clifford Nelson FYLE/John Joseph AKA
Note Adopted 1961


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  Sierra Leone (Freetown):


  GPS points from Sierra Leone (Freetown)

Perankoro Northern Province

Bumbe Northern Province

Koyama Eastern Province

Yayima Eastern Province

Kailahun Eastern Province

Bejorma Eastern Province

Matugutera Northern Province

Moyogbo Southern Province




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