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Singapore was founded as a British trading colony in 1819. It joined the Malaysian Federation in 1963 but separated two years later and became independent. Singapore subsequently became one of the world's most prosperous countries with strong international trading links (its port is one of the world's busiest in terms of tonnage handled) and with per capita GDP equal to that of the leading nations of Western Europe.


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Economy

Economy - overview
Singapore has a highly developed and successful free-market economy. It enjoys a remarkably open and corruption-free environment, stable prices, and a per capita GDP higher than that of most developed countries. The economy depends heavily on exports, particularly in consumer electronics, information technology products, pharmaceuticals, and on a growing financial services sector. Real GDP growth averaged 8.6% between 2004 and 2007. The economy contracted 1.0% in 2009 as a result of the global financial crisis, but rebounded 14.8% in 2010 and 4.9% in 2011, on the strength of renewed exports. Over the longer term, the government hopes to establish a new growth path that focuses on raising productivity, which has sunk to a compound annual growth rate of just 1.8% in the last decade. Singapore has attracted major investments in pharmaceuticals and medical technology production and will continue efforts to establish Singapore as Southeast Asia's financial and high-tech hub.

Gdp (purchasing power parity) World Ranking: 40
$318.9 billion (2011 est.)
$304.1 billion (2010 est.)
$265 billion (2009 est.)
Note Data are in 2011 US dollars

Gdp (official exchange rate)
$259.8 billion (2011 est.)

Gdp - real growth rate World Ranking: 73
4.9% (2011 est.)
14.8% (2010 est.)
-1% (2009 est.)

Gdp - per capita (ppp) World Ranking: 5
$60,500 (2011 est.)
$58,700 (2010 est.)
$52,200 (2009 est.)
Note Data are in 2011 US dollars

Gdp - composition by sector
Agriculture 0%
Industry 26.6%
Services 73.4% (2011 est.)

Labor force World Ranking: 100
3.237 million
Note
Excludes non-residents (2011 est.)

Labor force - by occupation
Agriculture 0.1%
Industry 19.6%
Services 80.3%
Note Excludes non-residents (2011)

Unemployment rate World Ranking: 12
2% (2011 est.)
2.2% (2010 est.)

Population below poverty line
NA%

Household income or consumption by percentage share
Lowest 10% 4.4%
Highest 10% 23.2% (2008)

Distribution of family income - gini index World Ranking: 29
47.3 (2011)
48.1 (2008)

Investment (gross fixed) World Ranking: 54
23.4% of GDP (2011 est.)

Budget
Revenues $40.53 billion
Expenditures $37.18 billion
Note
Expenditures include both operational and development expenditures (2011 est.)

Taxes and other revenues World Ranking: 192
15.6% of GDP (2011 est.)

Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) World Ranking: 32
1.3% of GDP (2011 est.)

Public debt World Ranking: 10
118.2% of GDP (2011 est.)
112.4% of GDP (2010 est.)
Note
For Singapore, public debt consists largely of Singapore Government Securities (SGS) issued to assist the Central Provident Fund (CPF), which administers Singapore's defined contribution pension fund; special issues of SGS are held by the CPF, and are non-tradable; the government has not borrowed to finance deficit expenditures since the 1980s

Inflation rate (consumer prices) World Ranking: 136
5.2% (2011 est.)
2.8% (2010 est.)

Commercial bank prime lending rate World Ranking: 152
5.38% (31 December 2011 est.)
5.38% (31 December 2010 est.)

Stock of narrow money World Ranking: 34
$99.27 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
$82.48 billion (31 December 2010 est.)

Stock of broad money World Ranking: 29
$340.9 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
$300.8 billion (31 December 2010 est.)

Stock of domestic credit World Ranking: 34
$334.2 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
$236.7 billion (31 December 2010 est.)

Market value of publicly traded shares World Ranking: 20
$569.4 billion (31 December 2011)
$620.5 billion (31 December 2010)
$474.3 billion (31 December 2009)

Agriculture - products
Orchids, vegetables; poultry, eggs; fish, ornamental fish

Industries
Electronics, chemicals, financial services, oil drilling equipment, petroleum refining, rubber processing and rubber products, processed food and beverages, ship repair, offshore platform construction, life sciences, entrepot trade

Industrial production growth rate World Ranking: 30
7.8% (2011 est.)

Electricity - production World Ranking: 52
45.37 billion kWh (2010 est.)

Electricity - consumption World Ranking: 52
41.2 billion kWh (2010 est.)

Electricity - exports
0 kWh (2010 est.)

Electricity - imports
0 kWh (2010 est.)

Oil - production World Ranking: 86
10,910 bbl/day (2010 est.)

Oil - consumption World Ranking: 19
1.08 million bbl/day (2010 est.)

Oil - exports World Ranking: 19
1.374 million bbl/day (2009 est.)

Oil - imports World Ranking: 10
2.052 million bbl/day (2009 est.)

Oil - proved reserves World Ranking: 191
0 bbl (1 January 2011 est.)

Natural gas - production World Ranking: 124
0 cu m (2009 est.)

Natural gas - consumption World Ranking: 50
8.4 billion cu m (2010 est.)

Natural gas - exports World Ranking: 178
0 cu m (2009 est.)

Natural gas - imports World Ranking: 27
8.4 billion cu m (2010 est.)

Natural gas - proved reserves World Ranking: 127
0 cu m (1 January 2011 est.)

Current account balance World Ranking: 10
$56.98 billion (2011 est.)
$49.56 billion (2010 est.)

Exports World Ranking: 14
$414.8 billion (2011 est.)
$358.5 billion (2010 est.)

Exports - commodities
Machinery and equipment (including electronics and telecommunications), pharmaceuticals and other chemicals, refined petroleum products

Exports - partners
Malaysia 12.2%, Hong Kong 11%, China 10.4%, Indonesia 10.4%, US 5.4%, Japan 4.5% (2011 est.)

Imports World Ranking: 14
$NA $366.3 billion
$311.7 billion (2010 est.)

Imports - commodities
Machinery and equipment, mineral fuels, chemicals, foodstuffs, consumer goods

Imports - partners
Malaysia 10.7%, US 10.7%, China 10.4%, Japan 7.2%, South Korea 5.9%, Taiwan 5.9% (2011 est.)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold World Ranking: 13
$237.9 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
$225.7 billion (31 December 2010 est.)

Debt - external World Ranking: 75
$23.58 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
$21.82 billion (31 December 2010 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment - at home World Ranking: 14
$NA $497 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
$461.4 billion (31 December 2010 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad World Ranking: 16
$NA $336.2 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
$317.9 billion (31 December 2010 est.)

Exchange rates
Singapore dollars (SGD) per US dollar -
1.2578 (2011 est.)
1.3635 (2010 est.)
1.4545 (2009)
1.415 (2008)
1.507 (2007)

Fiscal year
1 April - 31 March


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  Singapore (City-state):


  GPS points from Singapore (City-state)

Monggok Sebarok Singapore (general)

Kampong Teban Singapore (general)

City West Singapore (general)

Mount Imbiah Singapore (general)

East Jurong Fairway Singapore (general)

Besar Singapore (general)

Paya Lebar South Singapore (general)

Fisherman Bank Singapore (general)




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