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Administrative divisions (GPS Maps)

Geography

People and Society

Government

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Singapore was founded as a British trading colony in 1819. It joined the Malaysian Federation in 1963 but separated two years later and became independent. Singapore subsequently became one of the world's most prosperous countries with strong international trading links (its port is one of the world's busiest in terms of tonnage handled) and with per capita GDP equal to that of the leading nations of Western Europe.


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Government

Country name
Conventional long form Republic of Singapore
Conventional short form Singapore
Local long form Republic of Singapore
Local short form Singapore

Government type
Parliamentary republic

Capital
Name Singapore
Geographic coordinates 1 17 N, 103 51 E
Time difference
UTC+8 (13 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Administrative divisions
None

Independence
9 August 1965 (from Malaysian Federation)

National holiday
National Day, 9 August (1965)

Constitution
3 June 1959; amended 1965 (based on pre-independence State of Singapore constitution)

Legal system
English common law

International law organization participation
Has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; non-party state to the ICCt

Suffrage
21 years of age; universal and compulsory

Executive branch
Chief of state
President Tony TAN Keng Yam (since 1 September 2011)
Head of government
Prime Minister LEE Hsien Loong (since 12 August 2004); Deputy Prime Minister TEO Chee Hean (since 1 April 2009) and Deputy Prime Minister THARMAN Shanmugaratnam (since 21 May 2011); Senior Minister HENG Chee How (since 21 May 2011)
Cabinet
Appointed by president, responsible to parliament
Elections
President elected by popular vote for six-year term; election last held on 27 August 2011 (next to be held by August 2017); following legislative elections, leader of majority party or leader of majority coalition usually appointed prime minister by president; deputy prime ministers appointed by president
Election results
Tony TAN Keng Yam elected president from a field of four candidates with 35.2% of the votes cast

Legislative branch
Unicameral Parliament (87 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms); note - in addition, there are up to nine nominated members; up to three losing opposition candidates who came closest to winning seats may be appointed as Nominated Members of Parliament (NMP)
Elections
Last held on 7 May 2011 (next to be held in May 2016)
Election results
Percent of vote by party - PAP 60.1%, WP 12.8%, NSP 12.1%, others 15%; seats by party - PAP 81, WP 6

Judicial branch
Supreme Court consists of High Court and Court of Appeals; Specialist Commercial Courts consist of Admiralty Court, Intellectual Property Court, and Abritation Court
Note
(chief justice, judges of appeal, and judicial commissioners are appointed by the president with the advice of the prime minister)

Political parties and leaders
National Solidarity Party or NSP [Hazel POA]; People's Action Party or PAP [LEE Hsien Loong]; Reform Party [Kenneth JEYARETNAM]; Singapore Democratic Alliance or SDA [CHIAM See Tong]; Singapore Democratic Party or SDP [CHEE Soon Juan]; Workers' Party or WP [Sylvia LIM Swee Lian]
Note
SDA includes Singapore Justice Party or SJP, Singapore National Malay Organization or PKMS, Singapore People's Party or SPP

Political pressure groups and leaders
None

International organization participation
ADB, AOSIS, APEC, ARF, ASEAN, BIS, C, CP, EAS, FATF, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICRM, IDA, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NAM, OPCW, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNMIT, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Diplomatic representation in the us
Chief of mission Ambassador Ashok Kumar MIRPURI
Chancery
3501 International Place NW, Washington, DC 20008
Telephone [1] (202) 537-3100
FAX [1] (202) 537-0876
Consulate(s) general San Francisco
Consulate(s) New York

Diplomatic representation from the us
Chief of mission Ambassador David I. ADELMAN
Embassy
27 Napier Road, Singapore 258508
Mailing address FPO AP 96507-0001
Telephone [65] 6476-9100
FAX [65] 6476-9340

Flag description
Two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and white; near the hoist side of the red band, there is a vertical, white crescent (closed portion is toward the hoist side) partially enclosing five white five-pointed stars arranged in a circle; red denotes brotherhood and equality; white signifies purity and virtue; the waxing crescent moon symbolizes a young nation on the ascendancy; the five stars represent the nation's ideals of democracy, peace, progress, justice, and equality

National symbol(s)
Lion

National anthem
Name
"Majulah Singapura" (Onward Singapore)
Lyrics/music ZUBIR Said
Note
Adopted 1965; the anthem, which was first performed in 1958 at the Victoria Theatre, is sung only in Malay


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  Singapore (City-state):


  GPS points from Singapore (City-state)

Sungai Chik Manya Singapore (general)

Heap Guan Village Singapore (general)

Teacher's Housing Estate Singapore (general)

Keramat Nenak Singapore (general)

Geylang Singapore (general)

Telok Blangah Singapore (general)

Macritchie Reservoir Park Singapore (general)

Sungai Loyang Singapore (general)




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