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Slovakia's roots can be traced to the 9th century state of Great Moravia. Subsequently, the Slovaks became part of the Hungarian Kingdom, where they remained for the next 1,000 years. Following the formation of the dual Austro-Hungarian monarchy in 1867, language and education policies favoring the use of Hungarian (Magyarization) resulted in a strengthening of Slovak nationalism and a cultivation of cultural ties with the closely related Czechs, who were themselves ruled by the Austrians. After the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire at the close of World War I, the Slovaks joined the Czechs to form Czechoslovakia. Following the chaos of World War II, Czechoslovakia became a Communist nation within Soviet-dominated Eastern Europe. Soviet influence collapsed in 1989 and Czechoslovakia once more became free. The Slovaks and the Czechs agreed to separate peacefully on 1 January 1993. Slovakia joined both NATO and the EU in the spring of 2004 and the euro area on 1 January 2009.


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People And Society

Nationality
Noun Slovak(s)
Adjective Slovak

Ethnic groups
Slovak 85.8%, Hungarian 9.7%, Roma 1.7%, Ruthenian/Ukrainian 1%, other and unspecified 1.8% (2001 census)

Languages
Slovak (official) 83.9%, Hungarian 10.7%, Roma 1.8%, Ukrainian 1%, other or unspecified 2.6% (2001 census)

Religions
Roman Catholic 68.9%, Protestant 10.8%, Greek Catholic 4.1%, other or unspecified 3.2%, none 13% (2001 census)

Population World Ranking: 113
5,483,088 (July 2012 est.)

Age structure
0-14 years
15.6% (male 437,755/female 417,797)
15-64 years
71.6% (male 1,955,031/female 1,965,554)
65 years and over
12.8% (male 262,363/female 438,538) (2011 est.)

Median age
Total 38 years
Male 36.5 years
Female 39.5 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate World Ranking: 182
0.104% (2012 est.)

Birth rate World Ranking: 183
10.38 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Death rate World Ranking: 57
9.64 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)

Net migration rate World Ranking: 68
0.29 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Urbanization
Urban population 55% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization
0.1% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major cities - population
BRATISLAVA (capital) 428,000 (2009)

Sex ratio
At birth 1.05 male(s)/female
Under 15 years 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over 0.6 male(s)/female
Total population
0.94 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Maternal mortality rate World Ranking: 171
6 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)

Infant mortality rate World Ranking: 168
Total 6.47 deaths/1,000 live births
Male 7.54 deaths/1,000 live births
Female
5.34 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth World Ranking: 80
Total population 76.03 years
Male 72.14 years
Female 80.12 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate World Ranking: 205
1.38 children born/woman (2012 est.)

Health expenditures World Ranking: 46
8.5% of GDP (2009)

Physicians density
3 physicians/1,000 population (2007)

Hospital bed density
6.56 beds/1,000 population (2008)

Hiv/aids - adult prevalence rate World Ranking: 153
Less than 0.1% (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - people living with hiv/aids World Ranking: 152
Fewer than 500 (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - deaths World Ranking: 131
Fewer than 100 (2009 est.)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate World Ranking: 39
14.3% (2002)

Education expenditures World Ranking: 114
3.6% of GDP (2007)

Literacy
Definition
Age 15 and over can read and write
Total population 99.6%
Male 99.7%
Female 99.6% (2004)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
Total 15 years
Male 14 years
Female 16 years (2008)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 World Ranking: 18
Total 27.3%
Male 27.9%
Female 26.6% (2009)


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  Slovakia (Bratislava):


  GPS points from Slovakia (Bratislava)

Rohoznik Bratislavsky Kraj

Devinska Kobyla Bratislavsky Kraj

Heliasovka Slovakia (general)

Dubinne Presovsky Kraj

Alfold Slovakia (general)

Scib Slovakia (general)

Dubnicky Potok Nitriansky Kraj

Vit'azovce Presovsky Kraj




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