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The Slovene lands were part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire until the latter's dissolution at the end of World War I. In 1918, the Slovenes joined the Serbs and Croats in forming a new multinational state, which was named Yugoslavia in 1929. After World War II, Slovenia became a republic of the renewed Yugoslavia, which though Communist, distanced itself from Moscow's rule. Dissatisfied with the exercise of power by the majority Serbs, the Slovenes succeeded in establishing their independence in 1991 after a short 10-day war. Historical ties to Western Europe, a strong economy, and a stable democracy have assisted in Slovenia's transformation to a modern state. Slovenia acceded to both NATO and the EU in the spring of 2004; it joined the eurozone in 2007.


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People And Society

Nationality
Noun Slovene(s)
Adjective Slovenian

Ethnic groups
Slovene 83.1%, Serb 2%, Croat 1.8%, Bosniak 1.1%, other or unspecified 12% (2002 census)

Languages
Slovenian (official) 91.1%, Serbo-Croatian 4.5%, other or unspecified 4.4%, Italian (official, only in municipalities where Italian national communities reside), Hungarian (official, only in municipalities where Hungarian national communities reside) (2002 census)

Religions
Catholic 57.8%, Muslim 2.4%, Orthodox 2.3%, other Christian 0.9%, unaffiliated 3.5%, other or unspecified 23%, none 10.1% (2002 census)

Population World Ranking: 146
1,996,617 (July 2012 est.)

Age structure
0-14 years
13.4% (male 138,604/female 130,337)
15-64 years
69.8% (male 703,374/female 692,640)
65 years and over
16.8% (male 132,069/female 203,068) (2011 est.)

Median age
Total 42.8 years
Male 41.1 years
Female 44.5 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate World Ranking: 207
-0.185% (2012 est.)

Birth rate World Ranking: 212
8.76 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Death rate World Ranking: 39
11 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)

Net migration rate World Ranking: 65
0.39 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Urbanization
Urban population 50% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization
0.2% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major cities - population
LJUBLJANA (capital) 260,000 (2009)

Sex ratio
At birth 1.07 male(s)/female
Under 15 years 1.06 male(s)/female
15-64 years 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over 0.66 male(s)/female
Total population
0.95 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Maternal mortality rate World Ranking: 147
12 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)

Infant mortality rate World Ranking: 197
Total 4.12 deaths/1,000 live births
Male 4.66 deaths/1,000 live births
Female
3.55 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth World Ranking: 62
Total population 77.48 years
Male 73.83 years
Female 81.36 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate World Ranking: 210
1.31 children born/woman (2012 est.)

Health expenditures World Ranking: 42
9.1% of GDP (2009)

Physicians density
2.473 physicians/1,000 population (2008)

Hospital bed density
4.7 beds/1,000 population (2008)

Hiv/aids - adult prevalence rate World Ranking: 154
Less than 0.1% (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - people living with hiv/aids World Ranking: 140
Fewer than 1,000 (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - deaths World Ranking: 132
Fewer than 100 (2009 est.)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate World Ranking: 37
15% (2001)

Education expenditures World Ranking: 54
5.2% of GDP (2007)

Literacy
Definition NA
Total population 99.7%
Male 99.7%
Female 99.7% (2010 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
Total 17 years
Male 16 years
Female 18 years (2008)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 World Ranking: 83
Total 13.6%
Male 13.8%
Female 13.4% (2009)


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  Slovenia (Ljubljana):


  GPS points from Slovenia (Ljubljana)

Robnik Obcina Podvelka

Zabukovje Obcina Sevnica

Kopriva Obcina Sezana

Psajnovica Obcina Kamnik

Koritno Obcina Slovenska Bistrica

Donja Sevnica Obcina Trebnje

Kocevska Gora Obcina Kocevje

Razborica Obcina Mislinja




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