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The Spratly Islands consist of more than 100 small islands or reefs. They are surrounded by rich fishing grounds and potentially by gas and oil deposits. They are claimed in their entirety by China, Taiwan, and Vietnam, while portions are claimed by Malaysia and the Philippines. About 45 islands are occupied by relatively small numbers of military forces from China, Malaysia, the Philippines, Taiwan, and Vietnam. Since 1985 Brunei has claimed a continental shelf that overlaps a southern reef but has not made any formal claim to the reef. Brunei claims an exclusive economic zone over this area.


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Geography

Location
Southeastern Asia, group of reefs and islands in the South China Sea, about two-thirds of the way from southern Vietnam to the southern Philippines

Geographic coordinates
8 38 N, 111 55 E

Map references
Southeast Asia

Area World Ranking: 246
Total Less than 5 sq km
Land Less than 5 sq km
Water 0 sq km
Note
Includes 100 or so islets, coral reefs, and sea mounts scattered over an area of nearly 410,000 sq km of the central South China Sea

Area - comparative
NA

Land boundaries
0 km

Coastline
926 km

Maritime claims
NA

Climate
Tropical

Terrain
Flat

Elevation extremes
Lowest point South China Sea 0 m
Highest point
Unnamed location on Southwest Cay 4 m

Natural resources
Fish, guano, undetermined oil and natural gas potential

Land use
Arable land 0%
Permanent crops 0%
Other 100% (2005)

Irrigated land
0 sq km

Natural hazards
Typhoons; numerous reefs and shoals pose a serious maritime hazard

Environment - current issues
NA

Geography - note
Strategically located near several primary shipping lanes in the central South China Sea; includes numerous small islands, atolls, shoals, and coral reefs


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  Spratly Islands [ Undetermined ]:

  GPS points from Spratly Islands [ Undetermined ]

Holiday Reef Disputed

Jackson Atoll Disputed

Sin Cowe Island Disputed

Po-lan Chiao Disputed

Itu Aba Island Disputed

Subi Reef Disputed


Yang-hsin An-sha Disputed




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