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First explored by the Spaniards in the 16th century and then settled by the English in the mid-17th century, Suriname became a Dutch colony in 1667. With the abolition of slavery in 1863, workers were brought in from India and Java. Independence from the Netherlands was granted in 1975. Five years later the civilian government was replaced by a military regime that soon declared a socialist republic. It continued to exert control through a succession of nominally civilian administrations until 1987, when international pressure finally forced a democratic election. In 1990, the military overthrew the civilian leadership, but a democratically elected government - a four-party coalition - returned to power in 1991. The coalition expanded to eight parties in 2005 and ruled until August 2010, when voters returned former military leader Desire BOUTERSE and his opposition coalition to power.


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Military

Military branches
Suriname Armed Forces: Ground Forces, Naval Forces, Air Forces (2010)

Military service age and obligation
18 years of age (est.); recruitment is voluntary, with personnel drawn almost exclusively from the Creole community (2007)

Manpower available for military service
Males age 16-49 134,218
Females age 16-49 134,439 (2010 est.)

Manpower fit for military service
Males age 16-49 109,445
Females age 16-49 112,538 (2010 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually
Male 4,119
Female 4,106 (2010 est.)

Military expenditures World Ranking: 154
0.6% of GDP (2006 est.)


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  Suriname (Paramaribo):


  GPS points from Suriname (Paramaribo)

Doksi Kreek Distrikt Coronie

Val Lenabari Distrikt Sipaliwini

Karia Kreek Distrikt Nickerie

Manjaboomkondre Distrikt Marowijne

Misalibiekondre Distrikt Sipaliwini

Mankassiaba Soula Suriname (general)

Marowijne-riviere Distrikt Marowijne

Coronie Sipaliwini




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