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A military power during the 17th century, Sweden has not participated in any war for almost two centuries. An armed neutrality was preserved in both world wars. Sweden's long-successful economic formula of a capitalist system interlarded with substantial welfare elements was challenged in the 1990s by high unemployment and in 2000-02 and 2009 by the global economic downturns, but fiscal discipline over the past several years has allowed the country to weather economic vagaries. Sweden joined the EU in 1995, but the public rejected the introduction of the euro in a 2003 referendum.


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People And Society

Nationality
Noun Swede(s)
Adjective Swedish

Ethnic groups
Indigenous population: Swedes with Finnish and Sami minorities; foreign-born or first-generation immigrants: Finns, Yugoslavs, Danes, Norwegians, Greeks, Turks

Languages
Swedish (official), small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities

Religions
Lutheran 87%, other (includes Roman Catholic, Orthodox, Baptist, Muslim, Jewish, and Buddhist) 13%

Population World Ranking: 92
9,103,788 (July 2012 est.)

Age structure
0-14 years
15.4% (male 722,558/female 680,933)
15-64 years
64.8% (male 2,982,268/female 2,910,135)
65 years and over
19.7% (male 800,169/female 992,665) (2011 est.)

Median age
Total 42.2 years
Male 41 years
Female 43.3 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate World Ranking: 180
0.168% (2012 est.)

Birth rate World Ranking: 187
10.24 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Death rate World Ranking: 50
10.21 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)

Net migration rate World Ranking: 44
1.65 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Urbanization
Urban population 85% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization
0.6% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major cities - population
STOCKHOLM (capital) 1.279 million (2009)

Sex ratio
At birth 1.06 male(s)/female
Under 15 years 1.06 male(s)/female
15-64 years 1.02 male(s)/female
65 years and over 0.81 male(s)/female
Total population
0.98 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Maternal mortality rate World Ranking: 178
4 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)

Infant mortality rate World Ranking: 218
Total 2.74 deaths/1,000 live births
Male 2.89 deaths/1,000 live births
Female
2.57 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth World Ranking: 16
Total population 81.18 years
Male 78.86 years
Female 83.63 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate World Ranking: 171
1.67 children born/woman (2012 est.)

Health expenditures World Ranking: 30
9.9% of GDP (2009)

Physicians density
3.583 physicians/1,000 population (2006)

Hiv/aids - adult prevalence rate World Ranking: 156
0.1% (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - people living with hiv/aids World Ranking: 107
8,100 (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - deaths World Ranking: 133
Fewer than 100 (2009 est.)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate World Ranking: 49
12% (2009)

Education expenditures World Ranking: 20
6.6% of GDP (2007)

Literacy
Definition
Age 15 and over can read and write
Total population 99%
Male 99%
Female 99% (2003 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
Total 16 years
Male 15 years
Female 16 years (2008)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 World Ranking: 29
Total 25%
Male 26.3%
Female 23.7% (2009)


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  Sweden (Stockholm):


  GPS points from Sweden (Stockholm)

Skacksjon Vaermland

Vaxholmsfastning Stockholms Lan

Kedumsbergen Vaestra Goetaland

Snesslingeberg Uppsala

Tasterud Vaestra Goetaland

Langviken Uppsala

Tonga Gotland

Foskdalen Dalarna




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