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In 1895, military defeat forced China to cede Taiwan to Japan. Taiwan reverted to Chinese control after World War II. Following the Communist victory on the mainland in 1949, 2 million Nationalists fled to Taiwan and established a government using the 1947 constitution drawn up for all of China. Over the next five decades, the ruling authorities gradually democratized and incorporated the local population within the governing structure. In 2000, Taiwan underwent its first peaceful transfer of power from the Nationalist to the Democratic Progressive Party. Throughout this period, the island prospered and became one of East Asia's economic "Tigers." The dominant political issues continue to be the relationship between Taiwan and China - specifically the question of Taiwan's eventual status - as well as domestic political and economic reform.


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Military

Military branches
Army, Navy (includes Marine Corps), Air Force, Coast Guard Administration, Armed Forces Reserve Command, Combined Service Forces Command, Armed Forces Police Command

Military service age and obligation
19-35 years of age for male compulsory military service; service obligation - 2 years; women may enlist; women in Air Force service are restricted to noncombat roles; reserve obligation to age 30 (Army); the Ministry of Defense is in the process of implementing a voluntary enlistment system over the period 2010-2015, although nonvolunteers will still be required to perform alternative service or go through 4 months of military training (2010)

Manpower available for military service
Males age 16-49 6,183,567
Females age 16-49 6,006,676 (2010 est.)

Manpower fit for military service
Males age 16-49 5,074,173
Females age 16-49 4,951,088 (2010 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually
Male 166,190
Female 155,306 (2010 est.)

Military expenditures
2.2% of GDP; note - in 2009, the Taiwanese president pledged to maintain defense spending at 3.0% or higher; projected 2.73% for 2011 (2009)


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  Taiwan (Taipei):


  GPS points from Taiwan (Taipei)

Nan-chou-li T Ai-wan

Chu-ch'iao T Ai-wan

Ma-kang-ts'o T Ai-wan

Tungchuan Fu-chien

Hsin-an T Ai-wan

Koto Island T Ai-wan

Wang-chia Ch'i T Ai-wan

T'ou-fen T Ai-wan




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