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In 1895, military defeat forced China to cede Taiwan to Japan. Taiwan reverted to Chinese control after World War II. Following the Communist victory on the mainland in 1949, 2 million Nationalists fled to Taiwan and established a government using the 1947 constitution drawn up for all of China. Over the next five decades, the ruling authorities gradually democratized and incorporated the local population within the governing structure. In 2000, Taiwan underwent its first peaceful transfer of power from the Nationalist to the Democratic Progressive Party. Throughout this period, the island prospered and became one of East Asia's economic "Tigers." The dominant political issues continue to be the relationship between Taiwan and China - specifically the question of Taiwan's eventual status - as well as domestic political and economic reform.


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People And Society

Nationality
Noun Taiwan (singular and plural)
Note
Example - he or she is from Taiwan; they are from Taiwan
Adjective Taiwan (or Taiwanese)

Ethnic groups
Taiwanese (including Hakka) 84%, mainland Chinese 14%, indigenous 2%

Languages
Mandarin Chinese (official), Taiwanese (Min), Hakka dialects

Religions
Mixture of Buddhist and Taoist 93%, Christian 4.5%, other 2.5%

Population World Ranking: 51
23,234,936 (July 2012 est.)

Age structure
0-14 years
15.6% (male 1,875,359/female 1,732,007)
15-64 years
73.4% (male 8,538,881/female 8,406,716)
65 years and over
10.9% (male 1,198,591/female 1,320,225) (2011 est.)

Median age
Total 38.1 years
Male 37.4 years
Female 38.8 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate World Ranking: 179
0.171% (2012 est.)

Birth rate World Ranking: 211
8.81 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Death rate World Ranking: 128
7.12 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)

Net migration rate World Ranking: 71
0.03 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Sex ratio
At birth 1.08 male(s)/female
Under 15 years 1.08 male(s)/female
15-64 years 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over 0.9 male(s)/female
Total population
1.01 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Infant mortality rate World Ranking: 179
Total 5.1 deaths/1,000 live births
Male 5.38 deaths/1,000 live births
Female
4.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth World Ranking: 51
Total population 78.48 years
Male 75.66 years
Female 81.53 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate World Ranking: 219
1.1 children born/woman (2012 est.)

Hiv/aids - adult prevalence rate
NA

Hiv/aids - people living with hiv/aids
NA

Hiv/aids - deaths
NA

Education expenditures
NA

Literacy
Definition
Age 15 and over can read and write
Total population 96.1%
Male NA
Female NA (2003)


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  Taiwan (Taipei):


  GPS points from Taiwan (Taipei)


T'ai-kang T Ai-wan

Ch'ih-chuang T Ai-wan

Shuang-ch'i-k'ou T Ai-wan

Hung-shih Hsi T Ai-wan

Hou-nai T Ai-wan

Ssu-chiang-ch'u T Ai-wan

Shih-li-she T Ai-wan




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