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Lucayan Indians inhabited the islands when Christopher COLUMBUS first set foot in the New World on San Salvador in 1492. British settlement of the islands began in 1647; the islands became a colony in 1783. Since attaining independence from the UK in 1973, The Bahamas has prospered through tourism and international banking and investment management. Because of its geography, the country is a major transshipment point for illegal drugs, particularly shipments to the US and Europe, and its territory is used for smuggling illegal migrants into the US.


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People And Society

Nationality
Noun Bahamian(s)
Adjective Bahamian

Ethnic groups
Black 85%, white 12%, Asian and Hispanic 3%

Languages
English (official), Creole (among Haitian immigrants)

Religions
Protestant 67.6% (Baptist 35.4%, Anglican 15.1%, Pentecostal 8.1%, Church of God 4.8%, Methodist 4.2%), Roman Catholic 13.5%, other Christian 15.2%, none or unspecified 2.9%, other 0.8% (2000 census)

Population World Ranking: 178
316,182 (July 2012 est.)
Note
Estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

Age structure
0-14 years
24.4% (male 38,834/female 37,715)
15-64 years
69.2% (male 106,882/female 110,081)
65 years and over
6.3% (male 7,578/female 12,222) (2011 est.)

Median age
Total 30.5 years
Male 29.4 years
Female 31.7 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate World Ranking: 124
0.904% (2012 est.)

Birth rate World Ranking: 126
15.95 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Death rate World Ranking: 137
6.91 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)

Net migration rate World Ranking: 75
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Urbanization
Urban population 84% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization
1.3% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major cities - population
NASSAU (capital) 248,000 (2009)

Sex ratio
At birth 1.03 male(s)/female
Under 15 years 1.03 male(s)/female
15-64 years 0.97 male(s)/female
65 years and over 0.62 male(s)/female
Total population
0.96 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Maternal mortality rate World Ranking: 111
47 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)

Infant mortality rate World Ranking: 128
Total 13.09 deaths/1,000 live births
Male 12.9 deaths/1,000 live births
Female
13.29 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth World Ranking: 138
Total population 71.44 years
Male 69.04 years
Female 73.91 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate World Ranking: 131
1.98 children born/woman (2012 est.)

Health expenditures World Ranking: 72
7.2% of GDP (2009)

Physicians density
1.05 physicians/1,000 population (1998)

Hospital bed density
3.1 beds/1,000 population (2008)

Hiv/aids - adult prevalence rate World Ranking: 24
3.1% (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - people living with hiv/aids World Ranking: 114
6,600 (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - deaths World Ranking: 81
Fewer than 500 (2009 est.)

Education expenditures
NA

Literacy
Definition
Age 15 and over can read and write
Total population 95.6%
Male 94.7%
Female 96.5% (2003 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
Total 12 years
Male 12 years
Female 12 years (2006)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 World Ranking: 63
Total 18.9%
Male 16.7%
Female 21.7% (2007)


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  The Bahamas (Nassau):


  GPS points from The Bahamas (Nassau)

Old Place San Salvador And Rum Cay District

Hinchinbroke Rocks San Salvador And Rum Cay District

Joe Cay Exuma District

Little Lake San Salvador And Rum Cay District

Hog Point Ragged Island District

Long Cay Green Turtle Cay District

Burnside Cove High Rock District

Nassau City New Providence District




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