getamap.net
Africa
Africa
Oceania
Oceania
Asia
Asia
North America
North America
Europe
Europe
South America
South America
Antarctica
Antarctica

Search: 



Administrative divisions (GPS Maps)

Geography

People and Society

Government

Economy

Communications

Transportation

Military


Tonga - unique among Pacific nations - never completely lost its indigenous governance. The archipelagos of "The Friendly Islands" were united into a Polynesian kingdom in 1845. Tonga became a constitutional monarchy in 1875 and a British protectorate in 1900; it withdrew from the protectorate and joined the Commonwealth of Nations in 1970. Tonga remains the only monarchy in the Pacific.


Advertisements:

Advertisements Advertisements



Geography

Location
Oceania, archipelago in the South Pacific Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand

Geographic coordinates
20 00 S, 175 00 W

Map references
Oceania

Area World Ranking: 190
Total 747 sq km
Land 717 sq km
Water 30 sq km

Area - comparative
Four times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries
0 km

Coastline
419 km

Maritime claims
Territorial sea 12 nm
Exclusive economic zone 200 nm
Continental shelf
200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation

Climate
Tropical; modified by trade winds; warm season (December to May), cool season (May to December)

Terrain
Most islands have limestone base formed from uplifted coral formation; others have limestone overlying volcanic base

Elevation extremes
Lowest point Pacific Ocean 0 m
Highest point
Unnamed elevation on Kao Island 1,033 m

Natural resources
Fish, fertile soil

Land use
Arable land 20%
Permanent crops 14.67%
Other 65.33% (2005)

Irrigated land
NA

Natural hazards
Cyclones (October to April); earthquakes and volcanic activity on Fonuafo'ou
Volcanism
Moderate volcanic activity; Fonualei (elev. 180 m) has shown frequent activity in recent years, while Niuafo'ou (elev. 260 m), which last erupted in 1985, has forced evacuations; other historically active volcanoes include Late and Tofua

Environment - current issues
Deforestation results as more and more land is being cleared for agriculture and settlement; some damage to coral reefs from starfish and indiscriminate coral and shell collectors; overhunting threatens native sea turtle populations

Environment - international agreements
Party to
Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
Signed, but not ratified
None of the selected agreements

Geography - note
Archipelago of 169 islands (36 inhabited)


Comments

--- There are no comments yet ---


Add a new comment:



You have to log in to add a comment!

 

Avertisments  Advertisement


Members area  Members area

Username:
Password:

Register

Forgot password?

  Tonga (Nuku'alofa):


  GPS points from Tonga (Nuku'alofa)

Kolofuu Tongatapu


Sandy Point Vava U

Likuone Bay Vava U

Hakau Kobo Ha Apai

Kotoo Ha Apai

Ota Vava U

Hakau Booi Ha Apai




viewweather.com sv.ViewWeather.com
fr.ViewWeather.com
da.ViewWeather.com
de.ViewWeather.com
es.ViewWeather.com
www.carpati.org
www.searchromania.net
www.cdtracks.org
es.getamap.org
fr.getamap.org
de.getamap.org
nl.getamap.org
da.getamap.org
www.getamap.org
Links
Terms of use
Privacy policy

# 0.0355 sec 

contact AT getamap.net

© 2006 - 2020  http://www.getamap.net/