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Tonga - unique among Pacific nations - never completely lost its indigenous governance. The archipelagos of "The Friendly Islands" were united into a Polynesian kingdom in 1845. Tonga became a constitutional monarchy in 1875 and a British protectorate in 1900; it withdrew from the protectorate and joined the Commonwealth of Nations in 1970. Tonga remains the only monarchy in the Pacific.


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Military

Military branches
Tonga Defense Services (TDS): Land Force (Royal Guard), Maritime Force (includes Royal Marines, Air Wing) (2010)

Military service age and obligation
16 years of age for voluntary enlistment (with parental consent); no conscription; the king retains the right to call up "all those capable of bearing arms" in wartime (2012)

Manpower available for military service
Males age 16-49 24,460
Females age 16-49 24,041 (2010 est.)

Manpower fit for military service
Males age 16-49 20,956
Females age 16-49 20,577 (2010 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually
Male 1,196
Female 1,134 (2010 est.)

Military expenditures World Ranking: 134
0.9% of GDP (2006 est.)


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  Tonga (Nuku'alofa):


  GPS points from Tonga (Nuku'alofa)

Vava`u Group Vava U


`uiha Island Ha Apai

Miama Ha Apai

Ha`amonga `a Maui Tongatapu

Tonga Trench Tonga (general)

Falcon Bank Tonga (general)

Falevai Vava U




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