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First colonized by the Spanish, the islands came under British control in the early 19th century. The islands' sugar industry was hurt by the emancipation of the slaves in 1834. Manpower was replaced with the importation of contract laborers from India between 1845 and 1917, which boosted sugar production as well as the cocoa industry. The discovery of oil on Trinidad in 1910 added another important export. Independence was attained in 1962. The country is one of the most prosperous in the Caribbean thanks largely to petroleum and natural gas production and processing. Tourism, mostly in Tobago, is targeted for expansion and is growing. The government is coping with a rise in violent crime.


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People And Society

Nationality
Noun Trinidadian(s), Tobagonian(s)
Adjective Trinidadian, Tobagonian

Ethnic groups
Indian (South Asian) 40%, African 37.5%, mixed 20.5%, other 1.2%, unspecified 0.8% (2000 census)

Languages
English (official), Caribbean Hindustani (a dialect of Hindi), French, Spanish, Chinese

Religions
Roman Catholic 26%, Protestant 25.8% (Anglican 7.8%, Baptist 7.2%, Pentecostal 6.8%, Seventh-Day Adventist 4%), Hindu 22.5%, Muslim 5.8%, other Christian 5.8%, other 10.8%, unspecified 1.4%, none 1.9% (2000 census)

Population World Ranking: 158
1,226,383 (July 2012 est.)

Age structure
0-14 years
19.5% (male 122,044/female 116,859)
15-64 years
72.1% (male 455,148/female 429,990)
65 years and over
8.4% (male 44,439/female 59,025) (2011 est.)

Median age
Total 33.5 years
Male 33.1 years
Female 34 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate World Ranking: 200
-0.086% (2012 est.)

Birth rate World Ranking: 141
14.25 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Death rate World Ranking: 89
8.35 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)

Net migration rate World Ranking: 199
-6.76 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Urbanization
Urban population 14% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization
3% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major cities - population
PORT-OF-SPAIN (capital) 57,000 (2009)

Sex ratio
At birth 1.03 male(s)/female
Under 15 years 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years 1.06 male(s)/female
65 years and over 0.76 male(s)/female
Total population
1.03 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Maternal mortality rate World Ranking: 112
46 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)

Infant mortality rate World Ranking: 74
Total 26.73 deaths/1,000 live births
Male 28.05 deaths/1,000 live births
Female
25.38 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth World Ranking: 134
Total population 71.67 years
Male 68.81 years
Female 74.6 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate World Ranking: 166
1.72 children born/woman (2012 est.)

Health expenditures World Ranking: 126
5.6% of GDP (2009)

Physicians density
1.175 physicians/1,000 population (2007)

Hospital bed density
2.5 beds/1,000 population (2008)

Hiv/aids - adult prevalence rate World Ranking: 35
1.5% (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - people living with hiv/aids World Ranking: 85
15,000 (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - deaths World Ranking: 66
Fewer than 1,000 (2009 est.)

Children under the age of 5 years underweight World Ranking: 88
4.4% (2000)

Education expenditures
NA

Literacy
Definition
Age 15 and over can read and write
Total population 98.6%
Male 99.1%
Female 98% (2003 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
Total 12 years
Male 11 years
Female 12 years (2007)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 World Ranking: 101
Total 10.5%
Male 8.8%
Female 12.9% (2008)

People - note
In 2007, the government of Trinidad and Tobago estimated the population to be 1.3 million


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  Trinidad And Tobago (Port-of-spain):


  GPS points from Trinidad And Tobago (Port-of-spain)

Woodland Saint Patrick

Noire Bay Saint David

Savonette Point Saint David

Silver Stream Saint Patrick

Nelson Trinidad And Tobago (general)


Usine Victoria

Lengua Victoria




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