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Rivalry between French and Italian interests in Tunisia culminated in a French invasion in 1881 and the creation of a protectorate. Agitation for independence in the decades following World War I was finally successful in getting the French to recognize Tunisia as an independent state in 1956. The country's first president, Habib BOURGUIBA, established a strict one-party state. He dominated the country for 31 years, repressing Islamic fundamentalism and establishing rights for women unmatched by any other Arab nation. In November 1987, BOURGUIBA was removed from office and replaced by Zine el Abidine BEN ALI in a bloodless coup. Street protests that began in Tunis in December 2010 over high unemployment, corruption, widespread poverty, and high food prices escalated in January 2011, culminating in rioting that led to hundreds of deaths. On 14 January 2011, the same day BEN ALI dismissed the government, he fled the country, and by late January 2011, a "national unity government" was formed. Elections for the new Constituent Assembly were held in late October 2011, and in December it elected human rights activist Moncef MARZOUKI as interim president. The Assembly began drafting a new constitution in February 2012, and is aiming to have it ratified by the end of the year.


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Military

Military branches
Tunisian Armed Forces (Forces Armees Tunisiens, FAT): Tunisian Army (includes Tunisian Air Defense Force), Tunisian Navy, Republic of Tunisia Air Force (Al-Quwwat al-Jawwiya al-Jamahiriyah At'Tunisia) (2012)

Military service age and obligation
20-23 years of age for compulsory service, one year service obligation; 18-23 years of age for voluntary service; Tunisian nationality required (2007)

Manpower available for military service
Males age 16-49 2,846,572
Females age 16-49 2,952,180 (2010 est.)

Manpower fit for military service
Males age 16-49 2,397,716
Females age 16-49 2,484,097 (2010 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually
Male 90,436
Female 87,346 (2010 est.)

Military expenditures World Ranking: 104
1.4% of GDP (2006)


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  Tunisia (Tunis):


  GPS points from Tunisia (Tunis)

Kef El Karaib Gouvernorat De Tunis

Bi'r Al Wadi Gouvernorat De Medenine

Tembain Qibili

Sir Dal Meklia Gouvernorat De Nabeul

Al `ayn Gouvernorat De Sfax

Sidi `ali Al `allush Gouvernorat De Sfax

Oumed Diss Jundubah

Oued El Bannda Gouvernorat De Sfax




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