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The islands were part of the UK's Jamaican colony until 1962, when they assumed the status of a separate crown colony upon Jamaica's independence. The governor of The Bahamas oversaw affairs from 1965 to 1973. With Bahamian independence, the islands received a separate governor in 1973. Although independence was agreed upon for 1982, the policy was reversed and the islands remain a British overseas territory.


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Geography

Location
Two island groups in the North Atlantic Ocean, southeast of The Bahamas, north of Haiti

Geographic coordinates
21 45 N, 71 35 W

Map references
Central America and the Caribbean

Area World Ranking: 186
Total 948 sq km
Land 948 sq km
Water 0 sq km

Area - comparative
2.5 times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries
0 km

Coastline
389 km

Maritime claims
Territorial sea 12 nm
Exclusive fishing zone 200 nm

Climate
Tropical; marine; moderated by trade winds; sunny and relatively dry

Terrain
Low, flat limestone; extensive marshes and mangrove swamps

Elevation extremes
Lowest point Caribbean Sea 0 m
Highest point Flamingo Hill 48 m

Natural resources
Spiny lobster, conch

Land use
Arable land 2.33%
Permanent crops 0%
Other 97.67% (2005)

Irrigated land
NA

Natural hazards
Frequent hurricanes

Environment - current issues
Limited natural freshwater resources, private cisterns collect rainwater

Geography - note
About 40 islands (eight inhabited)


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  Turks And Caicos Islands [ United Kingdom ] (Overseas Territory):


  GPS points from Turks And Caicos Islands [ United Kingdom ] (Overseas Territory)

Grande Caique Turks And Caicos Islands (general)

Philips Reef Turks And Caicos Islands (general)

Conch Cay Turks And Caicos Islands (general)

Cockburn Harbour Turks And Caicos Islands (general)

Plandon Cay Turks And Caicos Islands (general)

Fort George Cay Turks And Caicos Islands (general)

Cape Comete Turks And Caicos Islands (general)

Hog Cay Turks And Caicos Islands (general)




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