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In 1974, ethnic differences within the British colony of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands caused the Polynesians of the Ellice Islands to vote for separation from the Micronesians of the Gilbert Islands. The following year, the Ellice Islands became the separate British colony of Tuvalu. Independence was granted in 1978. In 2000, Tuvalu negotiated a contract leasing its Internet domain name ".tv" for $50 million in royalties over a 12-year period.


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People And Society

Nationality
Noun Tuvaluan(s)
Adjective Tuvaluan

Ethnic groups
Polynesian 96%, Micronesian 4%

Languages
Tuvaluan (official), English (official), Samoan, Kiribati (on the island of Nui)

Religions
Protestant 98.4% (Church of Tuvalu (Congregationalist) 97%, Seventh-Day Adventist 1.4%), Baha'i 1%, other 0.6%

Population World Ranking: 224
10,619 (July 2012 est.)

Age structure
0-14 years
30.6% (male 1,656/female 1,569)
15-64 years 64% (male 3,294/female 3,459)
65 years and over
5.4% (male 238/female 328) (2011 est.)

Median age
Total 24.4 years
Male 23 years
Female 26.3 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate World Ranking: 138
0.725% (2012 est.)

Birth rate World Ranking: 71
23.35 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Death rate World Ranking: 64
9.13 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)

Net migration rate World Ranking: 201
-6.97 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Urbanization
Urban population 50% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization
1.4% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Sex ratio
At birth 1.05 male(s)/female
Under 15 years 1.06 male(s)/female
15-64 years 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over 0.73 male(s)/female
Total population
0.97 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Infant mortality rate World Ranking: 68
Total 33.55 deaths/1,000 live births
Male 36.49 deaths/1,000 live births
Female
30.47 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth World Ranking: 168
Total population 65.11 years
Male 63.03 years
Female 67.29 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate World Ranking: 57
3.08 children born/woman (2012 est.)

Health expenditures World Ranking: 29
9.9% of GDP (2009)

Physicians density
0.636 physicians/1,000 population (2008)

Hospital bed density
5.56 beds/1,000 population (2001)

Hiv/aids - adult prevalence rate
NA

Hiv/aids - people living with hiv/aids
NA

Hiv/aids - deaths
NA

Children under the age of 5 years underweight World Ranking: 115
1.6% (2007)

Education expenditures
NA

Literacy
NA

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
Total 11 years
Male 10 years
Female 11 years (2001)


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  Tuvalu (Funafuti):


  GPS points from Tuvalu (Funafuti)

Te Ulu Punga Tuvalu (general)

Nuwak Tuvalu (general)

Vasamotu Lafaga Tuvalu (general)

Nares Patch Tuvalu (general)

Brewis Rock Tuvalu (general)

Ellice Atoll Funafuti

Te Ava Fuagea Tuvalu (general)

Kotoai Tuvalu (general)




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