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People and Society






The colonial boundaries created by Britain to delimit Uganda grouped together a wide range of ethnic groups with different political systems and cultures. These differences prevented the establishment of a working political community after independence was achieved in 1962. The dictatorial regime of Idi AMIN (1971-79) was responsible for the deaths of some 300,000 opponents; guerrilla war and human rights abuses under Milton OBOTE (1980-85) claimed at least another 100,000 lives. The rule of Yoweri MUSEVENI since 1986 has brought relative stability and economic growth to Uganda. During the 1990s, the government promulgated non-party presidential and legislative elections.


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People And Society

Noun Ugandan(s)
Adjective Ugandan

Ethnic groups
Baganda 16.9%, Banyakole 9.5%, Basoga 8.4%, Bakiga 6.9%, Iteso 6.4%, Langi 6.1%, Acholi 4.7%, Bagisu 4.6%, Lugbara 4.2%, Bunyoro 2.7%, other 29.6% (2002 census)

English (official national language, taught in grade schools, used in courts of law and by most newspapers and some radio broadcasts), Ganda or Luganda (most widely used of the Niger-Congo languages, preferred for native language publications in the capital and may be taught in school), other Niger-Congo languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Swahili, Arabic

Roman Catholic 41.9%, Protestant 42% (Anglican 35.9%, Pentecostal 4.6%, Seventh-Day Adventist 1.5%), Muslim 12.1%, other 3.1%, none 0.9% (2002 census)

Population World Ranking: 37
33,640,833 (July 2012 est.)
Estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

Age structure
0-14 years
49.9% (male 8,692,239/female 8,564,571)
15-64 years
48.1% (male 8,383,548/female 8,255,473)
65 years and over
2.1% (male 291,602/female 424,817) (2011 est.)

Median age
Total 15.1 years
Male 15 years
Female 15.2 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate World Ranking: 4
3.582% (2012 est.)

Birth rate World Ranking: 2
47.38 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Death rate World Ranking: 34
11.54 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)

Net migration rate World Ranking: 114
-0.02 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Urban population 13% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization
4.8% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major cities - population
KAMPALA (capital) 1.535 million (2009)

Sex ratio
At birth 1.03 male(s)/female
Under 15 years 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years 1.02 male(s)/female
65 years and over 0.68 male(s)/female
Total population
1.01 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Maternal mortality rate World Ranking: 36
310 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)

Infant mortality rate World Ranking: 27
Total 61.22 deaths/1,000 live births
Male 64.78 deaths/1,000 live births
57.56 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth World Ranking: 204
Total population 53.45 years
Male 52.4 years
Female 54.54 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate World Ranking: 4
6.14 children born/woman (2012 est.)

Health expenditures World Ranking: 51
8.2% of GDP (2009)

Physicians density
0.117 physicians/1,000 population (2005)

Hospital bed density
0.39 beds/1,000 population (2009)

Hiv/aids - adult prevalence rate World Ranking: 10
6.5% (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - people living with hiv/aids World Ranking: 8
1.2 million (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - deaths World Ranking: 8
64,000 (2009 est.)

Major infectious diseases
Degree of risk Very high
Food or waterborne diseases
Bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
Vectorborne diseases
Malaria, plague, and African trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness)
Water contact disease Schistosomiasis
Animal contact disease Rabies (2009)

Children under the age of 5 years underweight World Ranking: 51
16.4% (2006)

Education expenditures World Ranking: 127
3.2% of GDP (2009)

Age 15 and over can read and write
Total population 66.8%
Male 76.8%
Female 57.7% (2002 census)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
Total 11 years
Male 11 years
Female 11 years (2009)


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  Uganda (Kampala):

  GPS points from Uganda (Kampala)

Senyi Uganda (general)

Kagoye Uganda (general)

Sinyo Moroto District

Kitemi Uganda (general)

Bume Wakiso District

Mizinda Rakai District

Rwamishekye Uganda (general)

Walukota Nakasongola District
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