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Montevideo, founded by the Spanish in 1726 as a military stronghold, soon took advantage of its natural harbor to become an important commercial center. Claimed by Argentina but annexed by Brazil in 1821, Uruguay declared its independence four years later and secured its freedom in 1828 after a three-year struggle. The administrations of President Jose BATLLE in the early 20th century established widespread political, social, and economic reforms that established a statist tradition. A violent Marxist urban guerrilla movement named the Tupamaros, launched in the late 1960s, led Uruguay's president to cede control of the government to the military in 1973. By yearend, the rebels had been crushed, but the military continued to expand its hold over the government. Civilian rule was not restored until 1985. In 2004, the left-of-center Frente Amplio Coalition won national elections that effectively ended 170 years of political control previously held by the Colorado and Blanco parties. Uruguay's political and labor conditions are among the freest on the continent.


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Communications

Telephones - main lines in use World Ranking: 79
962,200 (2009)

Telephones - mobile cellular World Ranking: 107
4.437 million (2009)

Telephone system
General assessment Fully digitalized
Domestic
Most modern facilities concentrated in Montevideo; nationwide microwave radio relay network; overall fixed-line and mobile-cellular teledensity has reached 150 telephones per 100 persons
International
Country code - 598; the UNISOR submarine cable system provides direct connectivity to Brazil and Argentina; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) (2009)

Broadcast media
Mixture of privately-owned and state-run broadcast media; more than 100 commercial radio stations and about 20 TV channels; cable TV is available; many community radio and TV stations; adopted the hybrid Japanese/Brazilian HDTV standard (ISDB-T) in December 2010 (2010)

Internet country code
.uy

Internet hosts World Ranking: 45
945,826 (2010)

Internet users World Ranking: 86
1.405 million (2009)


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  Uruguay (Montevideo):


  GPS points from Uruguay (Montevideo)

Cerro De Los Muchachos Departamento De Tacuarembo


Cerros Potros Departamento De Rocha

Dique Maua Montevideo

Palma Artigas

Laguna Negra Cerro Largo


Canada Del Vizcaino Departamento De Paysandu




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