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Administrative divisions (GPS Maps)

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Russia conquered the territory of present-day Uzbekistan in the late 19th century. Stiff resistance to the Red Army after the Bolshevik Revolution was eventually suppressed and a socialist republic established in 1924. During the Soviet era, intensive production of "white gold" (cotton) and grain led to overuse of agrochemicals and the depletion of water supplies, which have left the land degraded and the Aral Sea and certain rivers half dry. Independent since 1991, the country seeks to gradually lessen its dependence on the cotton monoculture by diversifying agricultural production while developing its mineral and petroleum reserves and increasing its manufacturing base. Current concerns include terrorism by Islamic militants, economic stagnation, and the curtailment of human rights and democratization.


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Communications

Telephones - main lines in use World Ranking: 59
1.864 million (2009)

Telephones - mobile cellular World Ranking: 44
20.952 million (2009)

Telephone system
General assessment
Digital exchanges in large cities but still antiquated and inadequate in rural areas
Domestic
The state-owned telecommunications company, Uzbektelecom, owner of the fixed line telecommunications system, has used loans from the Japanese government and the China Development Bank to upgrade fixed-line services including conversion to digital exchanges; mobile-cellular services are growing rapidly, with the subscriber base reaching 21 million in 2011
International
Country code - 998; linked by fiber-optic cable or microwave radio relay with CIS member states and to other countries by leased connection via the Moscow international gateway switch; after the completion of the Uzbek link to the Trans-Asia-Europe (TAE) fiber-optic cable, Uzbekistan plans to establish a fiber-optic connection to Afghanistan (2009)

Broadcast media
Government controls media; 8 state-owned broadcasters - 4 TV and 4 radio - provide service to virtually the entire country; about 20 privately-owned TV stations, overseen by local officials, broadcast to local markets; privately-owned TV stations are required to lease transmitters from the government-owned Republic TV and Radio Industry Corporation and are prohibited from broadcasting live; about 15 privately-owned radio broadcasters; programming content includes news updates, music, call-in talk shows, and other entertainment in a half-Russian, half-Uzbek format mandated for private radio (2007)

Internet country code
.uz

Internet hosts World Ranking: 93
56,334 (2010)

Internet users World Ranking: 50
4.689 million (2009)


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  Uzbekistan (Tashkent):


  GPS points from Uzbekistan (Tashkent)

Toguz-aul Karakalpakstan

Sayat Buxoro Viloyati

Gory Toktynyktau Uzbekistan (general)

Paskiaul Samarqand Viloyati

Mirza-mumyn Navoiy Viloyati

Kolodets Kzyl-kuduk Uzbekistan (general)

Chak-kulak Uzbekistan (general)

Kolodets Takyr-kuduk Uzbekistan (general)




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