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Administrative divisions (GPS Maps)

Geography

People and Society

Government

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Russia conquered the territory of present-day Uzbekistan in the late 19th century. Stiff resistance to the Red Army after the Bolshevik Revolution was eventually suppressed and a socialist republic established in 1924. During the Soviet era, intensive production of "white gold" (cotton) and grain led to overuse of agrochemicals and the depletion of water supplies, which have left the land degraded and the Aral Sea and certain rivers half dry. Independent since 1991, the country seeks to gradually lessen its dependence on the cotton monoculture by diversifying agricultural production while developing its mineral and petroleum reserves and increasing its manufacturing base. Current concerns include terrorism by Islamic militants, economic stagnation, and the curtailment of human rights and democratization.


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Government

Country name
Conventional long form Republic of Uzbekistan
Conventional short form Uzbekistan
Local long form Ozbekiston Respublikasi
Local short form Ozbekiston
Former
Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic

Government type
Republic; authoritarian presidential rule, with little power outside the executive branch

Capital
Name Tashkent (Toshkent)
Geographic coordinates 41 19 N, 69 15 E
Time difference
UTC+5 (10 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Administrative divisions
12 provinces (viloyatlar, singular - viloyat), 1 autonomous republic* (respublika), and 1 city** (shahar); Andijon Viloyati, Buxoro Viloyati, Farg'ona Viloyati, Jizzax Viloyati, Namangan Viloyati, Navoiy Viloyati, Qashqadaryo Viloyati (Qarshi), Qoraqalpog'iston Respublikasi [Karakalpakstan Republic]* (Nukus), Samarqand Viloyati, Sirdaryo Viloyati (Guliston), Surxondaryo Viloyati (Termiz), Toshkent Shahri [Tashkent City]**, Toshkent Viloyati [Tashkent province], Xorazm Viloyati (Urganch)
Note
Administrative divisions have the same names as their administrative centers (exceptions have the administrative center name following in parentheses)

Independence
1 September 1991 (from the Soviet Union)

Constitution
Adopted 8 December 1992; amended in 2002

Legal system
Civil law system

International law organization participation
Has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; non-party state to the ICCt

Suffrage
18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state
President Islom KARIMOV (since 24 March 1990, when he was elected president by the then Supreme Soviet; elected president of independent Uzbekistan in 1991)
Head of government
Prime Minister Shavkat MIRZIYOYEV (since 11 December 2003); First Deputy Prime Minister Rustam AZIMOV (since 2 January 2008)
Cabinet
Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the president with approval of the Supreme Assembly
Elections
President elected by popular vote for a seven-year term (eligible for a second term; previously was a five-year term, extended by constitutional amendment in 2002); election last held on 23 December 2007 (next to be held in 2014); prime minister, ministers, and deputy ministers appointed by the president
Election results
Islom KARIMOV reelected president; percent of vote - Islom KARIMOV 88.1%, Asliddin RUSTAMOV 3.2%, Dilorom T0SHMUHAMEDOVA 2.9%, Akmal SAIDOV 2.6%, other 3.2%

Legislative branch
Bicameral Supreme Assembly or Oliy Majlis consists of an upper house or Senate (100 seats; 84 members elected by regional governing councils and 16 appointed by the president; members to serve five-year terms) and a lower house or Legislative Chamber (Qonunchilik Palatasi) (150 seats; 135 members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms, while 15 spots reserved for the new Ecological Movement of Uzbekistan)
Elections
Last held on 27 December 2009 and 10 January 2010 (next to be held in December 2014)
Election results
Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NA; Legislative Chamber - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - LDPU 53, NDP 32, National Rebirth Party 31, Adolat 19
Note
All parties in the Supreme Assembly support President KARIMOV

Judicial branch
Supreme Court (judges are nominated by the president and confirmed by the Supreme Assembly); Constitutional Court, Arbitration Court, Higher Economic Court

Political parties and leaders
Adolat (Justice) Social Democratic Party of Uzbekistan; Ecological Movement of Uzbekistan; Liberal Democratic Party of Uzbekistan or LDPU; National Rebirth Party of Uzbekistan (Milliy Tiklanish); People's Democratic Party of Uzbekistan or NDP (formerly Communist Party)

Political pressure groups and leaders
There are no significant opposition political parties or pressure groups operating in Uzbekistan

International organization participation
ADB, CICA, CIS, CSTO, EAPC, EBRD, ECO, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, ISO, ITSO, ITU, MIGA, NAM, OIC, OPCW, OSCE, PFP, SCO, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO (observer)

Diplomatic representation in the us
Chief of mission Ambassador Ilhomjon NEMATOV
Chancery
1746 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20036
Telephone [1] (202) 887-5300
FAX [1] (202) 293-6804
Consulate(s) general New York

Diplomatic representation from the us
Chief of mission Ambassador George KROL
Embassy
3 Moyqo'rq'on, 5th Block, Yunusobod District, Tashkent 100093
Mailing address Use embassy street address
Telephone [998] (71) 120-5450
FAX [998] (71) 120-6335

Flag description
Three equal horizontal bands of blue (top), white, and green separated by red fimbriations with a white crescent moon (closed side to the hoist) and 12 white stars shifted to the hoist on the top band; blue is the color of the Turkic peoples and of the sky, white signifies peace and the striving for purity in thoughts and deeds, while green represents nature and is the color of Islam; the red stripes are the vital force of all living organisms that links good and pure ideas with the eternal sky and with deeds on earth; the crescent represents Islam and the 12 stars the months and constellations of the Uzbek calendar

National symbol(s)
Khumo (mythical bird)

National anthem
Name
"O'zbekiston Respublikasining Davlat Madhiyasi" (National Anthem of the Republic of Uzbekistan)
Lyrics/music Abdulla ARIPOV/Mutal BURHANOV
Note
Adopted 1992; after the fall of the Soviet Union, Uzbekistan kept the music of the anthem from its time as a Soviet Republic but adopted new lyrics


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  Uzbekistan (Tashkent):


  GPS points from Uzbekistan (Tashkent)

Karganzy Buxoro Viloyati

Buzatow Tumani Karakalpakstan

Ten'gatapty Jizzax Viloyati

Sultan-ayaya Andijon Viloyati

Sary-assiya Samarqand Viloyati

Gorod Kurgantepa Andijon Viloyati

Kyzylkala Karakalpakstan

Varganza Qashqadaryo Viloyati




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