North America
North America
South America
South America


Administrative divisions (GPS Maps)


People and Society






North Yemen became independent of the Ottoman Empire in 1918. The British, who had set up a protectorate area around the southern port of Aden in the 19th century, withdrew in 1967 from what became South Yemen. Three years later, the southern government adopted a Marxist orientation. The massive exodus of hundreds of thousands of Yemenis from the south to the north contributed to two decades of hostility between the states. The two countries were formally unified as the Republic of Yemen in 1990. A southern secessionist movement in 1994 was quickly subdued. In 2000, Saudi Arabia and Yemen agreed to a delimitation of their border. Fighting in the northwest between the government and Huthi rebels, a group seeking a return to traditional Zaydi Islam, began in 2004 and has since resulted in six rounds of fighting - the last ended in early 2010 with a ceasefire that continues to hold. The southern secessionist movement was revitalized in 2008 when a popular socioeconomic protest movement initiated the prior year took on political goals including secession. Public rallies in Sana'a against President SALIH - inspired by similar demonstrations in Tunisia and Egypt - slowly built momentum starting in late January 2011 fueled by complaints over high unemployment, poor economic conditions, and corruption. By the following month, some protests had resulted in violence, and the demonstrations had spread to other major cities. By March the opposition had hardened its demands and was unifying behind calls for SALIH's immediate ouster. The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) in late April 2011, in an attempt to mediate the crisis in Yemen, proposed an agreement in which the president would step down in exchange for immunity from prosecution. SALIH's refusal to sign an agreement led to heavy street fighting and his injury in an explosion in June 2011. The UN Security Council passed Resolution 2014 in October 2011 calling on both sides to end the violence and complete a power transfer deal. In late November 2011, President SALIH signed the GCC-brokered agreement to step down and to transfer some of his powers to Vice President Abd al-Rabuh Mansur HADI. Following elections in February 2012, won by HADI, SALIH formally transferred his powers.


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Military branches
Army, Navy (includes Marines), Yemen Air Force (includes Air Defense Force; Al Quwwat al Jawwiya al Yemeniya), Republican Guard Forces, Yemeni Special Operations Forces (YSOF) (2012)

Military service age and obligation
Voluntary military service program authorized in 2001; 2-year service obligation (2006)

Manpower available for military service
Males age 16-49 5,652,256
Females age 16-49 5,387,160 (2010 est.)

Manpower fit for military service
Males age 16-49 4,056,944
Females age 16-49 4,116,895 (2010 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually
Male 287,141
Female 277,612 (2010 est.)

Military expenditures World Ranking: 7
6.6% of GDP (2006)

Military - note
A Coast Guard was established in 2002


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  Yemen (Sanaa):

  GPS points from Yemen (Sanaa)

Am-mishal Muhafazat Abyan

Jebjeb Sanaa

Rafai Muhafazat Ibb

Jabal As Silw Muhafazat Ta`izz

Wadi Jahrah Muhafazat Shabwah

Al Hadbat Al `ulya Yemen (general)

`urayhin Al Udaydah

Jabal Umm Khadam Muhafazat Abyan
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