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Distribution of family income - gini index / World Rankings


This index measures the degree of inequality in the distribution of family income in a country. The index is calculated from the Lorenz curve, in which cumulative family income is plotted against the number of families arranged from the poorest to the richest. The index is the ratio of (a) the area between a country's Lorenz curve and the 45 degree helping line to (b) the entire triangular area under the 45 degree line. The more nearly equal a country's income distribution, the closer its Lorenz curve to the 45 degree line and the lower its Gini index, e.g., a Scandinavian country with an index of 25. The more unequal a country's income distribution, the farther its Lorenz curve from the 45 degree line and the higher its Gini index, e.g., a Sub-Saharan country with an index of 50. If income were distributed with perfect equality, the Lorenz curve would coincide with the 45 degree line and the index would be zero; if income were distributed with perfect inequality, the Lorenz curve would coincide with the horizontal axis and the right vertical axis and the index would be 100.


Rank Country Distribution of family income - gini index Date of Information
1 Namibia 70.7 2003
2 South Africa 65.0 2005
3 Lesotho 63.2 1995
4 Botswana 63.0 1993
5 Sierra Leone 62.9 1989
6 Central African Republic 61.3 1993
7 Haiti 59.2 2001
8 Bolivia 58.2 2009
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9 Honduras 57.7 2007
10 Colombia 56.0 2010
11 Guatemala 55.1 2007
12 Thailand 53.6 2009
13 Hong Kong 53.3 2007
14 Paraguay 53.2 2009
15 Chile 52.1 2009
16 Brazil 51.9 2012
17 Panama 51.9 2010 est.
18 Mexico 51.7 2008
19 Papua New Guinea 50.9 1996
20 Zambia 50.8 2004
21 Swaziland 50.4 2001
22 Costa Rica 50.3 2009
23 Gambia, The 50.2 1998
24 Zimbabwe 50.1 2006
25 Sri Lanka 49.0 2009
26 Dominican Republic 48.4 2007
27 China 48.0 2009
28 Madagascar 47.5 2001
29 Singapore 47.3 2011
30 Ecuador 47.3 June 2011
31 Nepal 47.2 2008
32 El Salvador 46.9 2007
33 Rwanda 46.8 2000
34 Malaysia 46.2 2009
35 Peru 46.0 2010
36 Philippines 45.8 2006
37 Argentina 45.8 2009
38 Mozambique 45.6 2008
39 Jamaica 45.5 2004
40 Bulgaria 45.3 2007
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41 Uruguay 45.3 2010
42 United States 45.0 2007
43 Cameroon 44.6 2001
44 Guyana 44.6 2007
45 Iran 44.5 2006
46 Cambodia 44.4 2007 est.
47 Uganda 44.3 2009
48 Macedonia 44.2 2008
49 Nigeria 43.7 2003
50 Kenya 42.5 2008 est.
51 Burundi 42.4 1998
52 Russia 42.0 2010
53 Cote D'ivoire 41.5 2008
54 Senegal 41.3 2001
55 Morocco 40.9 2007 est.
56 Georgia 40.8 2009
57 Turkmenistan 40.8 1998
58 Nicaragua 40.5 2010
59 Turkey 40.2 2010
60 Mali 40.1 2001
61 Tunisia 40.0 2005 est.
62 Jordan 39.7 2007
63 Burkina Faso 39.5 2007
64 Ghana 39.4 2005-06
65 Guinea 39.4 2007
66 Israel 39.2 2008
67 Venezuela 39.0 2011
68 Malawi 39.0 2004
69 Mauritania 39.0 2000
70 Mauritius 39.0 2006 est.
71 Portugal 38.5 2007
72 Moldova 38.0 2008
73 Yemen 37.7 2005
74 Vietnam 37.6 2008
75 Japan 37.6 2008
76 Tanzania 37.6 2007
77 Indonesia 36.8 2009
78 Uzbekistan 36.8 2003
79 India 36.8 2004
80 Laos 36.7 2008
81 Mongolia 36.5 2008
82 Benin 36.5 2003
83 New Zealand 36.2 1997
84 Bosnia And Herzegovina 36.2 2007
85 Lithuania 35.5 2009
86 Algeria 35.3 1995
87 Latvia 35.2 2010
88 Albania 34.5 2008
89 Egypt 34.4 2001
90 Poland 34.2 2008
91 United Kingdom 34.0 2005
92 Niger 34.0 2007
93 Ireland 33.9 2010
94 Switzerland 33.7 2008
95 Azerbaijan 33.7 2008
96 Kyrgyzstan 33.4 2007
97 Romania 33.3 2010
98 Bangladesh 33.2 2005
99 Greece 33.0 2005
100 France 32.7 2008
101 Taiwan 32.6 2000
102 Tajikistan 32.6 2006
103 Canada 32.1 2005
104 Spain 32.0 2005
105 Italy 32.0 2006
106 Timor-leste 31.9 2007 est.
107 Estonia 31.3 2010
108 Korea, South 31.0 2010
109 Czech Republic 31.0 2009
110 Armenia 30.9 2008
111 Netherlands 30.9 2007
112 Pakistan 30.6 FY07/08
113 Australia 30.5 2006
114 European Union 30.4 2010 est.
115 Ethiopia 30.0 2000
116 Kosovo 30.0 FY05/06
117 Cyprus 29.0 2005
118 Slovenia 28.4 2008
119 Serbia 28.2 2008
120 Belgium 28.0 2005
121 Iceland 28.0 2006
122 Ukraine 27.5 2008
123 Belarus 27.2 2008
124 Germany 27.0 2006
125 Croatia 27.0 2009
126 Finland 26.8 2008
127 Kazakhstan 26.7 2009
128 Slovakia 26.0 2005
129 Luxembourg 26.0 2005
130 Malta 26.0 2007
131 Austria 26.0 2007
132 Norway 25.0 2008
133 Denmark 24.8 2011 est.
134 Hungary 24.7 2009
135 Montenegro 24.3 2010
136 Sweden 23.0 2005


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