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Railways / World Rankings


This entry states the total route length of the railway network and of its component parts by gauge, which is the measure of the distance between the inner sides of the load-bearing rails. The four typical types of gauges are: broad, standard, narrow, and dual. Other gauges are listed under note. Some 60% of the world's railways use the standard gauge of 1.4 m (4.7 ft). Gauges vary by country and sometimes within countries. The choice of gauge during initial construction was mainly in response to local conditions and the intent of the builder. Narrow-gauge railways were cheaper to build and could negotiate sharper curves, broad-gauge railways gave greater stability and permitted higher speeds. Standard-gauge railways were a compromise between narrow and broad gauges.


Rank Country Railways Date of Information
1 United States 224,792 2007
2 Russia 87,157 2006
3 China 86,000 2008
4 India 63,974 2009
5 Canada 46,552 2008
6 Germany 41,981 2008
7 Australia 38,445 2008
8 Argentina 36,966 2008
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9 France 29,640 2008
10 Brazil 28,538 2008
11 Japan 27,182 2009
12 Ukraine 21,684 2009
13 Italy 20,255 2008
14 South Africa 20,192 2008
15 Poland 19,428 2007
16 Mexico 17,166 2008
17 United Kingdom 16,454 2008
18 Spain 15,293 2008
19 Kazakhstan 15,079 2008
20 Sweden 11,633 2008
21 Romania 10,785 2010
22 Czech Republic 9,469 2008
23 Turkey 8,699 2008
24 Cuba 8,598 2006
25 Iran 8,442 2008
26 Hungary 8,057 2009
27 Pakistan 7,791 2007
28 Chile 7,082 2008
29 Austria 6,399 2008
30 Sudan 5,978 2008
31 Finland 5,919 2008
32 Belarus 5,537 2008
33 Korea, North 5,242 2009
34 Egypt 5,083 2009
35 Indonesia 5,042 2008
36 Burma 5,031 2008
37 Switzerland 4,876 2008
38 Mozambique 4,787 2008
39 Norway 4,169 2009
40 Bulgaria 4,151 2009
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41 New Zealand 4,128 2008
42 Thailand 4,071 2008
43 Congo, Democratic Republic Of The 4,007 2008
44 Algeria 3,973 2008
45 Tanzania 3,689 2008
46 Bolivia 3,652 2010
47 Uzbekistan 3,645 2008
48 Slovakia 3,622 2008
49 Nigeria 3,505 2008
50 Zimbabwe 3,427 2008
51 Korea, South 3,381 2008
52 Serbia 3,379 2006
53 Portugal 3,319 2008
54 Ireland 3,237 2008
55 Belgium 3,233 2008
56 Turkmenistan 2,980 2008
57 Azerbaijan 2,918 2009
58 Netherlands 2,896 2009
59 Angola 2,764 2008
60 Croatia 2,722 2009
61 Denmark 2,667 2008
62 Vietnam 2,632 2008
63 Namibia 2,626 2008
64 Bangladesh 2,622 2008
65 Greece 2,548 2008
66 Iraq 2,272 2008
67 Latvia 2,239 2008
68 Tunisia 2,165 2008
69 Zambia 2,157 2008
70 Morocco 2,067 2008
71 Kenya 2,066 2008
72 Syria 2,052 2008
73 Mongolia 1,908 2010
74 Peru 1,906 2010
75 Malaysia 1,849 2008
76 Lithuania 1,767 2011
77 Uruguay 1,641 2010
78 Georgia 1,612 2008
79 Taiwan 1,580 2009
80 Sri Lanka 1,449 2007
81 Saudi Arabia 1,378 2008
82 Uganda 1,244 2008
83 Slovenia 1,228 2007
84 Estonia 1,200 2008
85 Moldova 1,190 2008
86 Guinea 1,185 2008
87 Philippines 995 2010
88 Cameroon 987 2008
89 Israel 975 2008
90 Ecuador 965 2008
91 Ghana 947 2008
92 Senegal 906 2008
93 Botswana 888 2008
94 Congo, Republic Of The 886 2008
95 Colombia 874 2008
96 Armenia 869 2009
97 Madagascar 854 2008
98 Venezuela 806 2008
99 Malawi 797 2008
100 Macedonia 699 2010
101 Cambodia 690 2010
102 Ethiopia 681 2008
103 Tajikistan 680 2008
104 Cote D'ivoire 660 2008
105 Gabon 649 2008
106 Burkina Faso 622 2008
107 Bosnia And Herzegovina 601 2009
108 Fiji 597 2008
109 Mali 593 2008
110 Togo 568 2008
111 Jordan 507 2008
112 Kyrgyzstan 470 2008
113 Benin 438 2008
114 Kosovo 430 2007
115 Liberia 429 2008
116 Lebanon 401 2008
117 Albania 339 2009
118 Guatemala 332 2008
119 Eritrea 306 2008
120 Swaziland 301 2008
121 El Salvador 283 2008
122 Costa Rica 278 2008
123 Luxembourg 275 2008
124 Montenegro 250 2007
125 Dominican Republic 142 2008
126 Djibouti 100 2008
127 Panama 76 2008
128 Honduras 75 2009
129 Isle Of Man 63 2008
130 Nepal 59 2008
131 Saint Kitts And Nevis 50 2008
132 Paraguay 36 2008
133 Christmas Island 18 2010
134 Liechtenstein 9 2008


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