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Formerly the British protectorate of Bechuanaland, Botswana adopted its new name upon independence in 1966. Four decades of uninterrupted civilian leadership, progressive social policies, and significant capital investment have created one of the most dynamic economies in Africa. Mineral extraction, principally diamond mining, dominates economic activity, though tourism is a growing sector due to the country's conservation practices and extensive nature preserves. Botswana has one of the world's highest known rates of HIV/AIDS infection, but also one of Africa's most progressive and comprehensive programs for dealing with the disease.


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Communications

Telephones - main lines in use World Ranking: 136
149,600 (2011)

Telephones - mobile cellular World Ranking: 126
2.9 million (2011)

Telephone system
General assessment
Botswana is participating in regional development efforts; expanding fully digital system with fiber-optic cables linking the major population centers in the east as well as a system of open-wire lines, microwave radio relays links, and radiotelephone communication stations
Domestic
Fixed-line teledensity has declined in recent years and now stands at roughly 7 telephones per 100 persons; mobile-cellular teledensity now exceeds 100 telephones per 100 persons
International
Country code - 267; international calls are made via satellite, using international direct dialing; 2 international exchanges; digital microwave radio relay links to Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe, and South Africa; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Indian Ocean) (2011)

Broadcast media
2 TV stations - 1 state-owned and 1 privately-owned; privately-owned satellite TV subscription service is available; 2 state-owned national radio stations; 3 privately-owned radio stations broadcast locally (2007)

Internet country code
.bw

Internet hosts World Ranking: 158
2,674 (2010)

Internet users World Ranking: 154
120,000 (2009)


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Botswana (Gaborone):
Country Flag
Country Locator

GPS points from Botswana (Gaborone)

square Taokhe Botswana (general)

square Sadibas North West District

square Malalaling Kgalagadi District

square Ntabis North West District

square Samusipas North West District

square Metsemotlhaba Kweneng District

square Sefophe North East District

square Fefden Botswana (general)




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