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Comoros has endured more than 20 coups or attempted coups since gaining independence from France in 1975. In 1997, the islands of Anjouan and Moheli declared independence from Comoros. In 1999, military chief Col. AZALI seized power in a bloodless coup, and helped negotiate the 2000 Fomboni Accords power-sharing agreement in which the federal presidency rotates among the three islands, and each island maintains its local government. AZALI won the 2002 presidential election, and each island in the archipelago elected its president. AZALI stepped down in 2006 and President SAMBI was elected to office. In 2007, Mohamed BACAR effected Anjouan's de-facto secession from the Union, refusing to step down in favor of fresh Anjouanais elections when Comoros' other islands held legitimate elections in July. The African Union (AU) initially attempted to resolve the political crisis by applying sanctions and a naval blockade on Anjouan, but in March 2008 AU and Comoran soldiers seized the island. The move was generally welcomed by the island's inhabitants.


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Military

Military branches
Army of National Development (l'Armee du Developpement Nationale, AND): Comoran Security Force (also called Comoran Defense Force (Force Comorienne de Defense FCD, includes Gendarmerie)), Comoran Coast Guard, Comoran Federal Police (2011)

Military service age and obligation
18 years of age for 2-year voluntary military service; no conscription; women first inducted into the Army in 2004 (2011)

Manpower available for military service
Males age 16-49 184,236
Females age 16-49 183,363 (2010 est.)

Manpower fit for military service
Males age 16-49 134,562
Females age 16-49 145,797 (2010 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually
Male 8,831
Female 8,809 (2010 est.)

Military expenditures World Ranking: 50
2.8% of GDP (2006)


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Comoros (Moroni):


GPS points from Comoros (Moroni)

Iconi Mwali

Domoni Ndzuwani

West Point Comoros (general)

Chitrouni Ndzuwani

Kani Be Ndzuwani

Laminoir Reefs Comoros (general)

Chiroroni Ndzuwani

Buzi Comoros (general)




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