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A former British colony, Cyprus became independent in 1960 following years of resistance to British rule. Tensions between the Greek Cypriot majority and Turkish Cypriot minority came to a head in December 1963, when violence broke out in the capital of Nicosia. Despite the deployment of UN peacekeepers in 1964, sporadic intercommunal violence continued forcing most Turkish Cypriots into enclaves throughout the island. In 1974, a Greek Government-sponsored attempt to seize control of Cyprus was met by military intervention from Turkey, which soon controlled more than a third of the island. In 1983, the Turkish Cypriot-occupied area declared itself the "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus" ("TRNC"), but it is recognized only by Turkey. The election of a new Cypriot president in 2008 served as the impetus for the UN to encourage both the Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot communities to reopen unification negotiations. In September 2008, the leaders of the two communities began negotiations under UN auspices aimed at reuniting the divided island. The talks are ongoing and the leaders continue to meet regularly. The entire island entered the EU on 1 May 2004, although the EU acquis - the body of common rights and obligations - applies only to the areas under the internationally recognized government, and is suspended in the areas administered by Turkish Cypriots. However, individual Turkish Cypriots able to document their eligibility for Republic of Cyprus citizenship legally enjoy the same rights accorded to other citizens of European Union states.


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Communications

Telephones - main lines in use World Ranking: 103
Area under government control: 405,000 (2011); area administered by Turkish Cypriots: 86,228 (2002)

Telephones - mobile cellular World Ranking: 153
Area under government control: 1.09 million (2011); area administered by Turkish Cypriots: 147,522 (2002)

Telephone system
General assessment
Excellent in both area under government control and area administered by Turkish Cypriots
Domestic
Open-wire, fiber-optic cable, and microwave radio relay
International
Country code - 357 (area administered by Turkish Cypriots uses the country code of Turkey - 90); a number of submarine cables, including the SEA-ME-WE-3, combine to provide connectivity to Western Europe, the Middle East, and Asia; tropospheric scatter; satellite earth stations - 8 (3 Intelsat - 1 Atlantic Ocean and 2 Indian Ocean, 2 Eutelsat, 2 Intersputnik, and 1 Arabsat)

Broadcast media
Mixture of state and privately-run TV and radio services; the public broadcaster operates 2 TV channels and 4 radio stations; 6 private TV broadcasters, satellite and cable TV services including telecasts from Greece and Turkey, and a number of private radio stations are available; in areas administered by Turkish Cypriots, there are 2 public TV stations, 4 public radio stations, and privately-owned TV and radio broadcast stations (2007)

Internet country code
.cy

Internet hosts World Ranking: 67
252,990 (2010)

Internet users World Ranking: 120
433,900 (2009)


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Cyprus (Nicosia):


GPS points from Cyprus (Nicosia)

Kriyo Limassol District

Argaki Ton Kamaron Famagusta District

Paura Paphos District

Derelikoy Nicosia District

Apostolos Andreas Manastiri Famagusta District

Argaki Tis Telendis Nicosia District

Yerakomutti Larnaca District

Kavallos Famagusta District




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